A number of checklists are currently available in several continents, European and extra European countries (Holland, Switzerland, France, United Kingdom, North America, Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, Venezuela, Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Spain, Romania, Russia, Africa, Iran, Oman, Turkey, Asia).The checklists are modern tools for evaluation of fungal biodiversity and precious documents to obtain ecological data and information for management and exploitation of protected areas, agro- and forest ecosystems.A checklist of Sicilian fungi was edited by Venturella (1991), followed, in 2009, by a new report (Gargano et al., 2009). At that time the number of macrofungi from Sicily correspond to 1500 taxa. Nowadays the number of fungi in the region is greater than before and equal to 1724 taxa (1406 Basidiomycetes and 318 Ascomycetes).Among the class Basidiomycetes the most remarkable order is Agaricales Underw. (831 taxa) followed by Russulales Kreisel ex P.M. Kirk, P.F. Cannon & J.C. David (193 taxa), Boletales E.-J. Gilbert (108 taxa) and Polyporales Gäum. (104 taxa) while Pezizales J. Schröt. (152 taxa) show the higher value of diversity in the class Ascomycetes. The most remarkable families are Russulaceae Lotsy (159 taxa), Tricholomataceae R. Heim ex Pouzar (140 taxa), Agaricaceae Chevall. (129 taxa), Cortinariaceae R. Heim ex Pouzar (104 taxa), Boletaceae Chevall. (102 taxa), Pyronemataceae Corda (58 taxa) and Pezizaceae Dumort. (102 taxa).A huge number of ectomycorrhizal fungi (547 taxa) characterize the woods of Sicily with percentage values ranging from 20% to 50% of the total number of fungi. Other important ecological categories are the terricolous saprobes (St, 376 taxa) and the humicolous saprobes (Sh, 224 taxa) which are widely distributed in the different vegetation types of Sicily (3,4). Besides the woods hosts a high number of necrotroph parasites (Pn) corresponding to 46 taxa.The above-mentioned data are the basis for the upcoming second edition of the checklist of Sicilian fungi.
|Numero di pagine||1|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2011|