The behaviour of zirconium and hafnium during water-rock interaction

Paolo Censi, Inguaggiato, Sposito, Zuddas

Risultato della ricerca: Article

1 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Zr and Hf are two elements with same ionic charge and similar ionic size at a given coordination number. Despite the Zr/Hf ratio is quite constant in meteorites and lithospheric rocks, in natural waters can be either higher or lower compared to values of interacting minerals and rocks. Here, we reanalyze very recent published and present new data on continental and brine waters indicating that the Zr and Hf behavior is dependent on the properties of the authigenic phases formed during the water-rock interaction process. Our results show that water pH in the range between 1 and 9 and water ionic strength in the range between 0.001 and 4 mol kg−1are responsible for the change of the Zr/Hf ratio. However, analyzing the colloidal fraction comprising Fe-oxyhydroxides, carbonate and clay minerals (occasionally gypsum and halite), obtained by ultrafiltration at the dimension between 10 kDa and 0.45 μm diameter pore, we found that the Zr/Hf molar ratio is very low and variable between 5 and 35. We propose that the dissolved Zr/Hf ratio is dependent on the morphological and electrical properties of authigenic mineral surfaces and emphasize the lack of a quantitative evaluation of the ion speciation of Zr and Hf in natural waters and brines limiting the transport prediction of Zr and Hf during the complex water-rock interaction process.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)46-52
Numero di pagine7
RivistaApplied Geochemistry
Volume94
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2018

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Pollution
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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