The asymmetric Path-conflation pattern of GO and COME verbs in Aymara

Annamaria Bartolotta, Geraldine Quartararo

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Abstract

This paper investigates the basic motion verbs sara ‘go’ and juta ‘come’ in Aymara, an indigenous language of the Andes, within the framework of Talmy’slexical typology (Talmy 2000). In a crosslinguistic perspective, ‘come’ and ‘go’ are assumed to be deictically complementary and have been represented as a kind of Path-conflating verbs, i.e. verbs that include the deictic component of Path in their lexical semantics, which is respectively the direction ‘toward the speaker’ vs that ‘not toward the speaker’. Data from Aymara show in fact that ‘come’ and ‘go’ exhibit an asymmetrical Path-conflation pattern: ‘come’ does inherently entail deictic motion toward the speaker, whereas ‘go’ indicates a more general motion along a path at a lexical semantic level, expressing Path through morphological (derivational suffixes, case endings), syntactic (spatial NPs, adverbs), and pragmatic contexts.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)13-43
Numero di pagine31
RivistaANNALI DEL DIPARTIMENTO DI STUDI LETTERARI, LINGUISTICI E COMPARATI. SEZIONE LINGUISTICA
Volume8
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2019

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Conflation
Verbs
Deictic
Lexical Semantics
Case Endings
Syntax
Indigenous Languages
Motion Verbs
Adverb
Andes
Asymmetrical

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abstract = "This paper investigates the basic motion verbs sara ‘go’ and juta ‘come’ in Aymara, an indigenous language of the Andes, within the framework of Talmy’slexical typology (Talmy 2000). In a crosslinguistic perspective, ‘come’ and ‘go’ are assumed to be deictically complementary and have been represented as a kind of Path-conflating verbs, i.e. verbs that include the deictic component of Path in their lexical semantics, which is respectively the direction ‘toward the speaker’ vs that ‘not toward the speaker’. Data from Aymara show in fact that ‘come’ and ‘go’ exhibit an asymmetrical Path-conflation pattern: ‘come’ does inherently entail deictic motion toward the speaker, whereas ‘go’ indicates a more general motion along a path at a lexical semantic level, expressing Path through morphological (derivational suffixes, case endings), syntactic (spatial NPs, adverbs), and pragmatic contexts.",
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AB - This paper investigates the basic motion verbs sara ‘go’ and juta ‘come’ in Aymara, an indigenous language of the Andes, within the framework of Talmy’slexical typology (Talmy 2000). In a crosslinguistic perspective, ‘come’ and ‘go’ are assumed to be deictically complementary and have been represented as a kind of Path-conflating verbs, i.e. verbs that include the deictic component of Path in their lexical semantics, which is respectively the direction ‘toward the speaker’ vs that ‘not toward the speaker’. Data from Aymara show in fact that ‘come’ and ‘go’ exhibit an asymmetrical Path-conflation pattern: ‘come’ does inherently entail deictic motion toward the speaker, whereas ‘go’ indicates a more general motion along a path at a lexical semantic level, expressing Path through morphological (derivational suffixes, case endings), syntactic (spatial NPs, adverbs), and pragmatic contexts.

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