Tethyan magnetostratigraphy from Pizzo Mondello ( Sicily ) and correlation to the Late Triassic Newark astrochronological polarity time scale

Pietro Di Stefano, Giovanni Muttoni, Stefano M. Bernasconi, William Lowrie, Paul E. Olsen, Dennis V. Kent, Fátima Martín Hernández

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

165 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

We present the magnetostratigraphy and stable isotope stratigraphy from an expanded (~430-m-thick) Upper Triassic marine limestone section at Pizzo Mondello, Sicily, and review published biostratigraphic information that can be used to defi ne the location of the conodont Carnian-Norian and Norian- Rhaetian boundaries in this section. Pizzo Mondello offers good potential for magnetostratigraphic correlation of marine biostratigraphic and chemostratigraphic data with the continental Newark astrochronological polarity time scale (APTS) for development of an integrated Late Triassic time scale. The relatively stable average values of 18O centered on 0‰ are a strong indication that the Cherty Limestone at Pizzo Mondello suffered very little diagenetic overprinting.The conodont Carnian-Norian boundary is located 12.5 m above a positive shift of 13C. A statistical approach was applied to evaluate various Pizzo Mondello to Newark magnetostratigraphic correlations. Two correlation options have the highest correlation coeffi cients. In option #1, the base of Pizzo Mondello correlates with the middle part of the Newark APTS, whereas in option #2, the base of Pizzo Mondello starts toward the early part of the Newark APTS. We prefer option #2 in which the Carnian-Norian boundary based on conodonts, as well as its closely associated positive 13C shift, correspond to Newark magnetozone E7 at ca. 228–227 Ma (adopting Newark astrochronology), implying a long Norian with a duration of ~20 m.y., and a Rhaetian of ~6 m.y. duration.These ages are in fact not inconsistent with the few high-quality radiometric dates that are available for Late Triassic time scale calibration. Based on its good exposure, accessibility, stratigraphic thickness and continuity, and multiple chronostratigraphic correlation possibilities, we propose Pizzo Mondello as global stratigraphic section and point for the base of the Norian.Keywords: magnetostratigraphy, biostratigraphy, Late Triassic, Tethys, Sicily, Newark astrochronological polarity time scale.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1043-1058
Numero di pagine16
RivistaGeological Society of America Bulletin
Volume116
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geology

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