BACKGROUND: The study focuses on the evolution of practice, procedural outcomes, and in-hospital complications of chronic total occlusion percutaneous coronary intervention in Europe. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data from 17 626 procedures enrolled in European Registry of Chronic Total Occlusion between January 2008 and June 2015 were assessed. The mean patient age was 63.9±10.9 years; 85% were men. Procedural success increased from 79.7% to 89.3% through the study period. Patients enrolled during the years had increasing comorbidities and lesion complexity (J-CTO score [Multicenter CTO Registry of Japan] increased from 1.76±1.03 in 2008 to 2.17±0.91 in 2015; P for trend, <0.001). Retrograde approach utilization steadily increased from 10.1% in 2008 to 29.9% in 2015 (P for trend, <0.001). Antegrade dissection reentry adoption was low, not exceeding 5.5%. In-hospital mortality decreased during the study period from 0.4% to 0.1% (P for trend, <0.001), whereas in-hospital complication rates remained essentially unchanged, in the range 4.4% to 5.2% (P for trend, 0.390). CONCLUSIONS: Chronic total occlusion percutaneous coronary intervention has shown a steady increase in procedural success rate over time, with unchanged complication rates, despite the increasing complexity of the lesions attempted. The J-CTO score predictive value for procedural success was low for the entire registry and had no predictive ability for the retrograde approach.
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine