Synthesis, chemical characterization, computational studies and biological activity of new DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs) specific inhibitor. Epigenetic regulation as a new and potential approach to cancer therapy.

Tiziana Fiore, Giuseppe Calvaruso, Claudia Pellerito, Francesco Ferrante, Selenia Sabella, Antonietta Notaro, Notaro, Sabella, Claudia Pellerito, Tiziana Fiore, Calvaruso

Risultato della ricerca: Article

6 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

This work deals with the synthesis, the chemical characterization of dibutyltin(IV) complex of caffeic acid (Bu2Sn(IV)HCAF, caf1) and its cytotoxic action on tumor cells. The coordination environment at the tin center was investigated by FTIR, 119Sn{1H} cross polarization magic angle spinning, electrospray ionization mass spectroscopy in the solid state and UV–vis, fluorescence and 1H, 13C and 119Sn NMR spectroscopy in solution phases. Density functional theory study confirmed the proposed structures in solution phase and indicated the most probably stable conformation. The effects on viability of breast cancer MDA-MB231, colorectal cancer HCT116, hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2 and Chang liver cells, an immortalized non-tumor hepatic cell line, have been investigated. The effect of a variation in structure of caf1 was found to lead to a change in the respective antiproliferative properties: caf1 induces loss of viability in HCT116, MDA-MB-231, and HepG2; the complex shows only moderate effects in non-tumor Chang liver cells. caf1 exerts lower cytotoxic activity than Bu2SnCl2, suggesting that the binding with H3CAF modulates the marked cytotoxic activity exerted by Bu2SnCl2; caf1 displays a considerably more pronounced antitumoural effect towards cell lines than caffeic acid. It is known that caffeic acid can modulate DNA (cytosine-5)-methyltransferases 1 (DNMT1) mediated DNA methylation. In this paper we demonstrate that caf1 treatment was able to induce a time-dependent reduction of global DNA methylated status. This effect was also confirmed by a concomitant reduction DNMT1 expression level. The effect induced by caf1 was more evident not only with respect to untreated cells but also compared to H3CAF treated cells.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)18-27
Numero di pagine10
RivistaJournal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Volume150
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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