Survival time and differences between dementia with Lewy bodies and Alzheimer's disease following diagnosis: A meta-analysis of longitudinal studies

Nicola Veronese, Arvid Rongve, Christoph Mueller, Clive Ballard, Robert Stewart, Pinar Soysal, Nicola Veronese, Lee Smith, Dag Aarsland, John T. O'Brien, Ahmet Turan Isik, Trevor Thompson, Stefania Maggi, Brendon Stubbs, Cristina Basso

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

16 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To synthesize the evidence across longitudinal studies comparing survival in dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). Methods: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies comparing survival in clinically diagnosed DLB to AD. Longitudinal cohort studies were identified through a systematic search of major electronic databases from inception to May 2018. A random effects meta-analysis was performed to calculate survival time and relative risk of death. Results: Overall, 11 studies were identified including 22,952 patients with dementia: 2029 with DLB (mean diagnosis age 76.3; 47% female) compared with 20,923 with AD (mean diagnosis age 77.2; 65.1% female). Average survival time in DLB from diagnosis was 4.11 years (SD ± 4.10) and in AD 5.66 (SD ± 5.32) years, equating to a 1.60 (95% CI: -2.44 to -0.77) years shorter survival in DLB (p < 0.01). Relative risk of death was increased by 1.35 (95%CI: 1.17–1.55) in DLB compared to AD (p < 0.01). Differences in survival were not explained by follow-up time, age at diagnosis, gender, or cognitive score. Conclusions: There is consistent evidence for higher and earlier mortality in DLB compared to AD. This is important for all stakeholders and underlines the importance of expanding research into DLB. © 2019 Elsevier B.V.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)72-80
Numero di pagine9
RivistaAgeing Research Reviews
Volume50
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Biochemistry
  • Ageing
  • Molecular Biology
  • Neurology

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