Objective: To compare surfactant administration via supraglottic airway device (SAD) vs. nasal CPAP alone or INSURE. Study design: A systematic search of PubMed, EMBASE, SCOPUS, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and Clinicaltrials.gov was performed. Articles meeting inclusion criteria (RCT, surfactant administration via SAD, laryngeal mask, I-gel) were assessed Results: Five RCTs were eligible. Surfactant administration via SAD reduced the need for intubation/mechanical ventilation (RR 0.57, 95%CI 0.38–0.85) and short-term oxygen requirements (MD −8.00, 95%CI −11.09 to −4.91) compared to nCPAP alone. Surfactant administration via SAD reduced the need for intubation/mechanical ventilation (RR 0.43, 95%CI 0.31–0.61), but increased short-term oxygen requirements (MD 3.10, 95%CI 0.51–5.69) compared to INSURE approach. Conclusions: In preterm infants with RDS, surfactant administration via SAD reduces the need for intubation/mechanical ventilation. Overall, available literature includes few, small, poor-quality studies. Surfactant administration via SAD should be limited to clinical trials. © 2018, Springer Nature America, Inc.
|Numero di pagine||11|
|Rivista||Journal of Perinatology|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2019|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Obstetrics and Gynaecology