Suppressive role exerted by microRNA-29b-1-5p in triple negative breast cancer through SPIN1 regulation

Riccardo Di Fiore, Renza Vento, Daniela Carlisi, Anna De Blasio, James Degaetano, Francesca Pentimalli, Christian Saliba, Shawn Baldacchino, Joseph Debono, Gordon Caruana-Dingli, Renza Vento, Giovanni Tesoriere, Antonio Giordano, Christian Scerri, Godfrey Grech, Rosa Drago Ferrante

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

28 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

MiR-29 family dysregulation occurs in various cancers including breast cancers. We investigated miR-29b-1 functional role in human triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) the most aggressive breast cancer subtype. We found that miR-29b-1-5p was downregulated in human TNBC tissues and cell lines. To assess whether miR-29b-1-5p correlated with TNBC regenerative potential, we evaluated cancer stem cell enrichment in our TNBC cell lines, and found that only MDA-MB-231 and BT-20 produced primary, secondary and tertiary mammospheres, which were progressively enriched in OCT4, NANOG and SOX2 stemness genes. MiR-29b-1-5p expression inversely correlated with mammosphere stemness potential, and miR-29b-1 ectopic overexpression decreased TNBC cell growth, self-renewal, migration, invasiveness and paclitaxel resistance repressing WNT/βcatenin and AKT signaling pathways and stemness regulators. We identified SPINDLIN1 (SPIN1) among predicted miR-29b-1-5p targets. Consistently, SPIN1 was overexpressed in most TNBC tissues and cell lines and negatively correlated with miR-29b-1-5p. Target site inhibition showed that SPIN1 seems to be directly controlled by miR-29b-1-5p. Silencing SPIN1 mirrored the effects triggered by miR-29b-1 overexpression, whereas SPIN1 rescue by SPIN1miScript protector, determined the reversal of the molecular effects produced by the mimic-miR-29b-1-5p. Overall, we show that miR-29b-1 deregulation impacts on multiple oncogenic features of TNBC cells and their renewal potential, acting, at least partly, through SPIN1, and suggest that both these factors should be evaluated as new possible therapeutic targets against TNBC.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)28939-28958
Numero di pagine20
RivistaOncotarget
Volume8
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology

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