STUDY AND MONITORING OF SALT WATER INTRUSION IN THE COASTAL AREA BETWEEN MAZARA DEL VALLO AND MARSALA (SOUTH-WESTERN SICILY)

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Abstract

In this chapter the study of a coastal aquifer located in South-Western Sicily (betweenthe towns of Marsala and Mazara del Vallo) is presented, carried out using geochemical,hydro-geological and geophysical techniques. The aquifer has been over-exploited to thepoint of being subject to intense and worrisome salt-water intrusion.A preliminary chemical and physical characterization of the waters was carried out;this included measuring their conductivity and their chloride content. This allowedto detect the marine intrusion wedge in the coastal aquifer. A series of electromagneticsoundings, suitably calibrated by well logs, were effected in the whole area andallowed to create a 3D interpretative model of the resistivity distribution in the aquifer,thereby enabling to recognize the main intrusion directions and the pattern of theaquifer bed.Furthermore an integrated geophysical 2D section was carried out along a line roughlyperpendicular to the coast, in one of the zones that is particularly involved in the intrusionphenomenon. Field measures included ERT, IP, TDEM and seismic soundings, all ofwhich were aimed at reconstructing a highly detailed geophysical section. The seismicsoundings clearly show the lateral variation between the fresh and salt water, such as theoverburden and the clayey bed of the aquifer.The final target of this research is to propose an optimized management-model of undergroundresources. The lessons drawn from the use of different techniques for defininggeophysical profiles suggest an integrated methodology to identify in detail the seaintrusion zone in aquifers. Therefore, the methodology used can be suitably extended andexported for studing and monitoring many similar Mediterranean coastal areas
Lingua originaleEnglish
Titolo della pubblicazione ospiteMETHODS AND TOOLS FOR DROUGHT ANALYSIS AND MANAGEMENT
Pagine303-321
Numero di pagine19
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2007

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