Stochastic models for phytoplankton dynamics in Mediterranean Sea

Bernardo Spagnolo, Giovanni Denaro, Davide Valenti, Gualtiero Basilone, Spagnolo, Salvatore Mazzola, Angelo Bonanno, Christophe Brunet, Fabio Conversano

Risultato della ricerca: Article

5 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, we review some results obtained from three one-dimensional stochastic models, which were used to analyze picophytoplankton dynamics in two sites of the Mediterranean Sea. Firstly, we present a stochastic advection–reaction–diffusion model to describe the vertical spatial distribution of picoeukaryotes in a site of the Sicily Channel. The second model, which is an extended version of the first one, is used to obtain the vertical stationary profiles of two groups of picophytoplankton, i.e. Pelagophytes and Prochlorococcus, in the same marine site as in the previous case. Here, we include intraspecific competition of picophytoplanktonic groups for limiting factors, i.e. light intensity and nutrient concentration. Finally, we analyze the spatio-temporal behaviour of five picophytoplankton populations in a site of the Tyrrhenian Sea by using a reaction–diffusion–taxis model. The study is performed, taking into account the seasonal changes of environmental variables, obtained starting from experimental findings. The multiplicative noise source, present in all three models, mimics the random fluctuations of temperature and velocity field. The vertical profiles of chlorophyll concentration obtained from the stochastic models show a good agreement with experimental data sampled in the two marine sites considered. The results could be useful to devise a new class of models based on a stochastic approach and able to predict future changes in biomass primary production.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)84-103
Numero di pagine20
RivistaDefault journal
Volume27
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2016

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Mediterranean Sea
phytoplankton
Tyrrhenian Sea
Prochlorococcus
taxis
intraspecific competition
Sicily
light intensity
limiting factor
vertical profile
primary production
primary productivity
advection
chlorophyll
nutrient content
spatial distribution
environmental factors
nutrient
biomass
temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecological Modelling

Cita questo

Spagnolo, B., Denaro, G., Valenti, D., Basilone, G., Spagnolo, Mazzola, S., ... Conversano, F. (2016). Stochastic models for phytoplankton dynamics in Mediterranean Sea. Default journal, 27, 84-103.

Stochastic models for phytoplankton dynamics in Mediterranean Sea. / Spagnolo, Bernardo; Denaro, Giovanni; Valenti, Davide; Basilone, Gualtiero; Spagnolo; Mazzola, Salvatore; Bonanno, Angelo; Brunet, Christophe; Conversano, Fabio.

In: Default journal, Vol. 27, 2016, pag. 84-103.

Risultato della ricerca: Article

Spagnolo, B, Denaro, G, Valenti, D, Basilone, G, Spagnolo, Mazzola, S, Bonanno, A, Brunet, C & Conversano, F 2016, 'Stochastic models for phytoplankton dynamics in Mediterranean Sea', Default journal, vol. 27, pagg. 84-103.
Spagnolo, Bernardo ; Denaro, Giovanni ; Valenti, Davide ; Basilone, Gualtiero ; Spagnolo ; Mazzola, Salvatore ; Bonanno, Angelo ; Brunet, Christophe ; Conversano, Fabio. / Stochastic models for phytoplankton dynamics in Mediterranean Sea. In: Default journal. 2016 ; Vol. 27. pagg. 84-103.
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AU - Denaro, Giovanni

AU - Valenti, Davide

AU - Basilone, Gualtiero

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AU - Mazzola, Salvatore

AU - Bonanno, Angelo

AU - Brunet, Christophe

AU - Conversano, Fabio

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AB - In this paper, we review some results obtained from three one-dimensional stochastic models, which were used to analyze picophytoplankton dynamics in two sites of the Mediterranean Sea. Firstly, we present a stochastic advection–reaction–diffusion model to describe the vertical spatial distribution of picoeukaryotes in a site of the Sicily Channel. The second model, which is an extended version of the first one, is used to obtain the vertical stationary profiles of two groups of picophytoplankton, i.e. Pelagophytes and Prochlorococcus, in the same marine site as in the previous case. Here, we include intraspecific competition of picophytoplanktonic groups for limiting factors, i.e. light intensity and nutrient concentration. Finally, we analyze the spatio-temporal behaviour of five picophytoplankton populations in a site of the Tyrrhenian Sea by using a reaction–diffusion–taxis model. The study is performed, taking into account the seasonal changes of environmental variables, obtained starting from experimental findings. The multiplicative noise source, present in all three models, mimics the random fluctuations of temperature and velocity field. The vertical profiles of chlorophyll concentration obtained from the stochastic models show a good agreement with experimental data sampled in the two marine sites considered. The results could be useful to devise a new class of models based on a stochastic approach and able to predict future changes in biomass primary production.

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