Sterilization of macroscopic poly(l-lactic acid) porous scaffolds withdense carbon dioxide: Investigation of the spatial penetration of thetreatment and of its effect on the properties of the matrix

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Abstract

In this work the sterilization with dense carbon dioxide of poly(l-lactic acid) (PLLA) porous scaffoldsintended for tissue engineering applications was investigated with the main objective of confirming thethree-dimensional efficacy of the treatment and of analysing the scaffold properties after CO2treatment.For this purpose the scaffold was contaminated with a conventional bacterium (Escherichia coli) and withspores (Streptomyces coelicolor), a species more fascinating and difficult to inactivate. Contamination wasperformed in such a way to soak the whole matrix with bacteria and spores. The effect of pressure andtreatment time on the efficacy of the sterilization was evaluated. The E. coli was eradicated from thewhole matrix after just 5 min of exposure to supercritical CO2at 10 MPa and 40◦C. The spores requiredmore severe conditions due to their different and very resistant structures since complete inactivationwas obtained after 360 min of exposure at 30 MPa and 40◦C or at 30 MPa and 30◦C after the addition of200 ppm of H2O2to near critical CO2. The treatment with dense CO2did not alter the biocompatibilityand the structure of the scaffold as demonstrated by biological culture tests and calorimetric and SEManalyses.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)83-90
Numero di pagine8
RivistaTHE JOURNAL OF SUPERCRITICAL FLUIDS
Volume111
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2016

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spores
lactic acid
Lactic acid
Carbon Dioxide
Scaffolds
bacteria
carbon dioxide
Lactic Acid
Carbon dioxide
penetration
Escherichia coli
tissue engineering
Bacteria
matrices
Escherichia
contamination
Tissue engineering
Contamination

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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title = "Sterilization of macroscopic poly(l-lactic acid) porous scaffolds withdense carbon dioxide: Investigation of the spatial penetration of thetreatment and of its effect on the properties of the matrix",
abstract = "In this work the sterilization with dense carbon dioxide of poly(l-lactic acid) (PLLA) porous scaffoldsintended for tissue engineering applications was investigated with the main objective of confirming thethree-dimensional efficacy of the treatment and of analysing the scaffold properties after CO2treatment.For this purpose the scaffold was contaminated with a conventional bacterium (Escherichia coli) and withspores (Streptomyces coelicolor), a species more fascinating and difficult to inactivate. Contamination wasperformed in such a way to soak the whole matrix with bacteria and spores. The effect of pressure andtreatment time on the efficacy of the sterilization was evaluated. The E. coli was eradicated from thewhole matrix after just 5 min of exposure to supercritical CO2at 10 MPa and 40◦C. The spores requiredmore severe conditions due to their different and very resistant structures since complete inactivationwas obtained after 360 min of exposure at 30 MPa and 40◦C or at 30 MPa and 30◦C after the addition of200 ppm of H2O2to near critical CO2. The treatment with dense CO2did not alter the biocompatibilityand the structure of the scaffold as demonstrated by biological culture tests and calorimetric and SEManalyses.",
author = "Simona Campora and Onofrio Scialdone and Giulio Ghersi and Alessandro Galia and Sonia Lanzalaco and {Carfi' Pavia}, Francesco and Brucato, {Valerio Maria Bartolo} and {Di Leonardo}, {Elvira Rosalia}",
year = "2016",
language = "English",
volume = "111",
pages = "83--90",
journal = "Journal of Supercritical Fluids",
issn = "0896-8446",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Sterilization of macroscopic poly(l-lactic acid) porous scaffolds withdense carbon dioxide: Investigation of the spatial penetration of thetreatment and of its effect on the properties of the matrix

AU - Campora, Simona

AU - Scialdone, Onofrio

AU - Ghersi, Giulio

AU - Galia, Alessandro

AU - Lanzalaco, Sonia

AU - Carfi' Pavia, Francesco

AU - Brucato, Valerio Maria Bartolo

AU - Di Leonardo, Elvira Rosalia

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - In this work the sterilization with dense carbon dioxide of poly(l-lactic acid) (PLLA) porous scaffoldsintended for tissue engineering applications was investigated with the main objective of confirming thethree-dimensional efficacy of the treatment and of analysing the scaffold properties after CO2treatment.For this purpose the scaffold was contaminated with a conventional bacterium (Escherichia coli) and withspores (Streptomyces coelicolor), a species more fascinating and difficult to inactivate. Contamination wasperformed in such a way to soak the whole matrix with bacteria and spores. The effect of pressure andtreatment time on the efficacy of the sterilization was evaluated. The E. coli was eradicated from thewhole matrix after just 5 min of exposure to supercritical CO2at 10 MPa and 40◦C. The spores requiredmore severe conditions due to their different and very resistant structures since complete inactivationwas obtained after 360 min of exposure at 30 MPa and 40◦C or at 30 MPa and 30◦C after the addition of200 ppm of H2O2to near critical CO2. The treatment with dense CO2did not alter the biocompatibilityand the structure of the scaffold as demonstrated by biological culture tests and calorimetric and SEManalyses.

AB - In this work the sterilization with dense carbon dioxide of poly(l-lactic acid) (PLLA) porous scaffoldsintended for tissue engineering applications was investigated with the main objective of confirming thethree-dimensional efficacy of the treatment and of analysing the scaffold properties after CO2treatment.For this purpose the scaffold was contaminated with a conventional bacterium (Escherichia coli) and withspores (Streptomyces coelicolor), a species more fascinating and difficult to inactivate. Contamination wasperformed in such a way to soak the whole matrix with bacteria and spores. The effect of pressure andtreatment time on the efficacy of the sterilization was evaluated. The E. coli was eradicated from thewhole matrix after just 5 min of exposure to supercritical CO2at 10 MPa and 40◦C. The spores requiredmore severe conditions due to their different and very resistant structures since complete inactivationwas obtained after 360 min of exposure at 30 MPa and 40◦C or at 30 MPa and 30◦C after the addition of200 ppm of H2O2to near critical CO2. The treatment with dense CO2did not alter the biocompatibilityand the structure of the scaffold as demonstrated by biological culture tests and calorimetric and SEManalyses.

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/172155

M3 - Article

VL - 111

SP - 83

EP - 90

JO - Journal of Supercritical Fluids

JF - Journal of Supercritical Fluids

SN - 0896-8446

ER -