High-Speed railway stations in Japan. The architectural and urban typology of a pragmatic model.By Corinne Tiry-OnoThe Japanese high-speed railway service was launched in 1964, during a time of rapid economic and demographic growth.It gave birth to a new, standardized generation of railway stations, and embodied the Tokaido Megalopolis.Originally centred on the capital city, its network now stretches across the entire country, seeking a better balance in termsof regional economic development and the revitalization of peripheral areas.Topographical constraints, natural risks and technical choices (elevated tracks, frequent tunnels, and speci! c rail gauge)led to a physically and technically autonomous infrastructure in terms of land use. The service, running with high frequency through a historically dense urban network, de! nes the shinkansen as an intercity transportation system: its stations are located in the city centers, often next to the existing conventional central stations. This policy o8 ers ahigh level of accessibility and complete intermodality.There are three dominant types ofdevelopment in relation to existingurban areas (combined with a centralstation, distant and with or without a localtransport connection). The architecturalmorphology of the shinkansen station asa bridge makes it adaptable to varioussituations. It can be de! ned as a pragmatictype of model.
|Numero di pagine||9|
|Rivista||TRASPORTI & CULTURA|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2014|