Statue ritratto "ideali" a Gortina

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Abstract

The paper deals with the category of the “statua -rischen Idealporträts”, treating the few specimensuntil now recognizable within the large corpus ofRoman sculptures collected in the city of Gortyn atCrete. A high-quality example of Hadrianic age wasfound by Prof. Antonino Di Vita, head of the largescale excavations in the site, during the 1988–1990field season in the area NW of the “Praetorium”,adjoining the Caput aquae of the Roman aqueduct.Beside this spectacular find, two acephalous torsosof the “Diomedes” type are suitable to have beenused for portrait statues, most probably for a coupleof emperors. These latter are old surface finds in anarea (W of the theatre near the Pythion) where alsoan important inscription was found, that commemoratesthe restoration by Marcus Aurelius and LuciusVerus of a competum cum statuis principum.The hypothesis is discussed that the sculptures,which were found nearby, pertained to this dynasticensemble, functioning as an “actualisation”, and representedperhaps the Antonine reigning emperorslike Greek heroes. An alternative hypothesis by L.Caliò recognizes instead the compitum in the samesacellum near the Caput aquae from which (from aByzantine context) the afore-mentioned Hadrianicideal statue was found. Through a detailed analysisI argue that such a statue, adapting a portrait headto the “Hermes Richelieu” body type, could representa noble young man, praising him for his athleticexcellence and agonal beauty, and suggesting conceptsof heroization. The area of the “Strada Nord”-Caput aquae, between the Pythion sanctuary andthe great gymnasium-thermae complex (“Praetorium”),with a stadium, a nymphaeum and a series ofhonorary and funerary monuments along the street,offers a proper context for such a prestigious representationof a member of the Greek elite during theHadrianic age.
Lingua originaleItalian
Titolo della pubblicazione ospiteΓλυπτική και κοινωνία στη Ρωμαϊκή Ελλάδα: Καλλιτεχνικά προϊόντα, κοινωνικές προβολές” (Glyptike kai koinonia ste rhomaike Ellada: kallitechnika proionta, koinonikes provoles. Praktiká diethnoús sunedríou Rhetimno, 26-28 septembriou 2014)
Pagine257-272
Numero di pagine16
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2018

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