This work presents the fabrication of femtoliter-scale oil droplets by inkjet printing based on a novelmechanism for the spontaneous fragmentation at the interface with an immiscible water phase andthe electrical characterization of the resulting immersed “daughter” droplets.  In particular,picoliter-scale fluorinated oil droplets impact on surfactant laden water phase at moderately highWeber number (101), and are subjected to spreading and capillary instabilities at the water/air interface which ultimately lead to rupture in smaller sized droplets, according to reported models for macroscale droplets systems -  the emerging fragmentation results in “daughter” droplets having volumes of about 10-30 % with respect to the initial droplet volume. Remarkably, the picoliter scale downscaling leads to a novel surfactant-driven fragmentation due to the low Bond number (around 10-4-10-5), meaning that droplet immersion is dependent on surface tension forces and not on gravitational forces. In fact, the non-ionic Polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monolaurate was observed to permit the droplet immersion in the water phase only if spiked in the water phase at concentrations equal or higher than its critical micellar concentration (i.e. around 0.003% v/v). The resulting oil “daughter” droplets are characterized by a chip with integrated microelectrodes, permitting to extract number, velocities and diameter distribution (peaked at about 3 m) employing electrical impedancemeasurements. In accordance with reported models, the electrical characterizations show that thedroplets have volumes in the femtoliter scale and are subjected to inertial focusing.  This work canbe considered an important advancement for understanding the effects of downscaling onfragmentation phenomena at immiscible interfaces, leading to a knowledge platform for a tailored oildroplets fabrication applicable for drug encapsulation, pharmaceutic preparations, and thin-filmwrapping around droplets. Bibliography1. D. Spencer, F. Caselli, P. Bisegna and H. Morgan., Lab Chip, 2016, 16, 2467.2. H. Lhuissier, C. Sun, A. Prosperetti, and D. Lohse, Phys. Rev. Lett., 2013, 110,3. G. Arrabito, V. Errico, A. De Ninno, F. Cavaleri, V. Ferrara, B. Pignataro, and F.Caselli, Langmuir,2019, 35, 4936.4. D. Kumar, J. D. Paulsen, T. P. Russell, N. Menon, Science, 2018, 359, 775.
|Titolo della pubblicazione ospite||Book of Abstracts - FISMAT 2019|
|Numero di pagine||2|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2019|