Specific inflammatory response of Anemonia sulcata (Cnidaria)after bacterial injection causes tissue reaction and enzymaticactivity alteration

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2 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

The evolution of multicellular organisms was marked by adaptations to protect against pathogens. Themechanisms for discriminating the ’’self’’ from ’’non-self” have evolved into a long history of cellularand molecular strategies, from damage repair to the co-evolution of host-pathogen interactions. Weinvestigated the inflammatory response in Anemonia sulcata (Cnidaria: Anthozoa) following injection ofsubstances that varied in type and dimension, and observed clear, strong and specific reactions, especiallyafter injection of Escherichia coli and Vibrio alginolyticus. Moreover, we analyzed enzymatic activity of protease,phosphatase and esterase, showing how the injection of different bacterial strains alters theexpression of these enzymes and suggesting a correlation between the appearance of the inflammatoryreaction and the modification of enzymatic activities. Our study shows for the first time, a specific reactionand enzymatic responses following injection of bacteria in a cnidarian.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Numero di pagine7
RivistaDefault journal
Volume135
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2016

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host-pathogen interaction
coevolution
Cnidaria
phosphatase
repair
pathogen
inflammation
enzyme
injection
damage
bacterium
history
Vibrio alginolyticus
host-pathogen relationships
Anthozoa
esterases
proteinases
Escherichia coli
tissue
organism

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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title = "Specific inflammatory response of Anemonia sulcata (Cnidaria)after bacterial injection causes tissue reaction and enzymaticactivity alteration",
abstract = "The evolution of multicellular organisms was marked by adaptations to protect against pathogens. Themechanisms for discriminating the ’’self’’ from ’’non-self” have evolved into a long history of cellularand molecular strategies, from damage repair to the co-evolution of host-pathogen interactions. Weinvestigated the inflammatory response in Anemonia sulcata (Cnidaria: Anthozoa) following injection ofsubstances that varied in type and dimension, and observed clear, strong and specific reactions, especiallyafter injection of Escherichia coli and Vibrio alginolyticus. Moreover, we analyzed enzymatic activity of protease,phosphatase and esterase, showing how the injection of different bacterial strains alters theexpression of these enzymes and suggesting a correlation between the appearance of the inflammatoryreaction and the modification of enzymatic activities. Our study shows for the first time, a specific reactionand enzymatic responses following injection of bacteria in a cnidarian.",
author = "Parisi, {Maria Giovanna} and Sanfratello, {Maria Antonietta} and Franco Palla and Trapani, {Maria Rosa} and Matteo Cammarata and Daniela Parrinello and Gigliola Benenati",
year = "2016",
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T1 - Specific inflammatory response of Anemonia sulcata (Cnidaria)after bacterial injection causes tissue reaction and enzymaticactivity alteration

AU - Parisi, Maria Giovanna

AU - Sanfratello, Maria Antonietta

AU - Palla, Franco

AU - Trapani, Maria Rosa

AU - Cammarata, Matteo

AU - Parrinello, Daniela

AU - Benenati, Gigliola

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - The evolution of multicellular organisms was marked by adaptations to protect against pathogens. Themechanisms for discriminating the ’’self’’ from ’’non-self” have evolved into a long history of cellularand molecular strategies, from damage repair to the co-evolution of host-pathogen interactions. Weinvestigated the inflammatory response in Anemonia sulcata (Cnidaria: Anthozoa) following injection ofsubstances that varied in type and dimension, and observed clear, strong and specific reactions, especiallyafter injection of Escherichia coli and Vibrio alginolyticus. Moreover, we analyzed enzymatic activity of protease,phosphatase and esterase, showing how the injection of different bacterial strains alters theexpression of these enzymes and suggesting a correlation between the appearance of the inflammatoryreaction and the modification of enzymatic activities. Our study shows for the first time, a specific reactionand enzymatic responses following injection of bacteria in a cnidarian.

AB - The evolution of multicellular organisms was marked by adaptations to protect against pathogens. Themechanisms for discriminating the ’’self’’ from ’’non-self” have evolved into a long history of cellularand molecular strategies, from damage repair to the co-evolution of host-pathogen interactions. Weinvestigated the inflammatory response in Anemonia sulcata (Cnidaria: Anthozoa) following injection ofsubstances that varied in type and dimension, and observed clear, strong and specific reactions, especiallyafter injection of Escherichia coli and Vibrio alginolyticus. Moreover, we analyzed enzymatic activity of protease,phosphatase and esterase, showing how the injection of different bacterial strains alters theexpression of these enzymes and suggesting a correlation between the appearance of the inflammatoryreaction and the modification of enzymatic activities. Our study shows for the first time, a specific reactionand enzymatic responses following injection of bacteria in a cnidarian.

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/168615

M3 - Article

VL - 135

JO - Default journal

JF - Default journal

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