Spatial structure and β-diversity of phytoplankton in Tibetan Plateau lakes: nestedness or replacement?

Luigi Naselli Flores, Ren Hu, Bo-Ping Han, Yongqin Liu, Yang Yang, Yang Yang, Yang Yang, Juzhi Hou, Qiuqi Lin

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

14 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Spatial patterns and β-diversity of phytoplankton assemblages depend on the relative importance of species dispersal capacity and species-sorting. Variability in species composition, composed by differences in species richness (nestedness) and/or species replacement, may be caused by niche availability and environmental selection. A field survey was carried out in Tibetan plateau on 38 lakes. Tibetan plateau lakes, located at high elevation, are harsh ecosystems characterized by low temperatures, low available nutrients, high UV amount, and strong salinity gradients. Only well-adapted species can survive in these environments. We therefore hypothesized that environmental filtering was the main factor determining phytoplankton assemblage structure in these lakes, and that species nestedness largely contributed to β-diversity. Spatial analysis showed that both environmental variables and broad-scale spatial variables accounted for the variation of phytoplankton assemblages. In particular, phytoplankton was mainly shaped by spatially structured environmental heterogeneity, which resulted in low α-diversity and high β-diversity. In contrast to our assumption, species turnover contributed to the majority of β-diversity of the studied assemblages. Local environments selected species with the corresponding stress-tolerant traits. Within the narrow range of available niches, environmental filtering of phytoplankton traits induced speciesâ replacement along environmental gradients.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)301-314
Numero di pagine14
RivistaHydrobiologia
Volume808
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Aquatic Science

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