Spatial decoherence in QED

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

Abstract

We consider the dynamics of a charged free particle, initially described by a coherent wave packet, interacting with an electromagnetic field characterized by the temperature T, considered as the environment. We have used dipole approximation neglecting the potential vector quadratic term in the minimal coupling Hamiltonian. This leads to the loss of coherence in the momentum representation, described by the decay of the off diagonal elements of the particle reduced density matrix, while the populations remain constant. Here we extend the analysis to the coordinate representation. We compute the particle reduced density matrix in this basis, analyzing in particular the mixing of various effects, such as free spreading, vacuum dressing and vacuum and thermal decoherence, in the wave packet width and coherence length evolution.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)393-402
Numero di pagine10
RivistaOPEN SYSTEMS & INFORMATION DYNAMICS
Volume13, Number 4
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Information Systems
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
  • Computational Mechanics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Mathematical Physics

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