The oculomotor nucleus is divided into: 1. somatic medial column innervating the superior rectus muscleand somatic lateral column, further subdivided into a lateral column innervating the inferior rectus,inferior oblique and medial rectus muscles; 2. central nucleus innervating the levator palpebrae superiorismuscle; 3. visceral nucleus innervating the pupillary sphincter muscle, consisting of the following twogroups of neurons: cholinergic, preganglionic neurons supplying the ciliary ganglion, termed the Edinger-Westphal preganglionic (EWpg) neuron population, and the centrally projecting, peptidergic neurons,termed the Edinger-Westphal centrally projecting (EWcp) population. A detailed understanding of theposition of both nuclei and their subgroups supplying the individual muscles is an essential prerequisitefor eye movement assessment, offering a simple clinical method for diagnosing eventual dysfunctions ofeye movement generation pathways.
|Numero di pagine||4|
|Rivista||EuroMediterranean Biomedical Journal|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2017|
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