Solid state NMR investigation of the roman Acqualadroni rostrum: tenth year assessment of the consolidation treatment of the wooden part

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Abstract

Abstract: This work follows a previous one dealing with the state of conservation study of the wooden part of the roman Acqualadroni rostrum soon after its finding in the seabed of Acqualadroni (Messina, Italy). The archaeological survey and recovery were particularly relevant since this artefact is one of the two rostrums, nowadays known,found together with its wooden part. Following the recovery, it was consolidated by immersion in a melamine-formaldehyde resin (Kauramin) aqueous solution for eight months at the “Centro di Restauro del Legno Bagnato” (Pisa, Italy). The present investigation is aimed to determine at microscopic scale the wood state of conservation and to highlight interactions of the consolidant with wood components, by using solid-state NMR spectroscopy ten years after the consolidation treatment. Sampling by coring was exceptionally authorized, and the wood core was divided into seven aliquots as a function of depth. 13C cross-polarization magic angle spinning (13C{1H} CP-MAS NMR) spectra and variable contact time (VCT) experiments have been carried out to determine the cellulose crystallinity index, the lignin condensation degree and the holocellulose-lignin ratio. The interactions between the resin and the wood components were highlighted by T1ρH relaxation times determination and two-dimensional 13C–1H correlation (FSLG CP HETCOR) NMR experiments. Findings revealed specific interactions between the aromatic part of the resin and the lignin, as well as a network of hydrogen bonds involving all components of the system. Graphic abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1025-1038
Numero di pagine14
RivistaCellulose
Volume28
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

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