In a dryland Mediterranean agrosystem (Sicily, Italy) a comparative study was carried out among twocrop systems (wheat/wheat and wheat/bean) after 19 years under three most used tillage managements(conventional, dual layer and no-tillage), in order to ascertain the effects of those experimental factors,single and combined, on various soil organic C pools (total and extractable organic C, microbial biomass C,basal respiration). Field CO2 fluxes from soil, throughout a year, were also determined. Moreover, C inputand output were assessed, as well as microbial and metabolic quotients. Tillage management more thancropping system affected the soil organic C stored in the first 15 cm of soil. After 19 years, no-tillage causeda 3.6 Mg ha−1 increase of C content in wheat/faba rotation while of 5.6 Mg ha−1 in wheat monoculture.The higher soil total organic C content in wheat monoculture was ascribed to a lower quality of residuessupplied (higher both C/N ratio and acid detergent fibre (ADF) content). Moreover, wheat/bean rotationincreased soil microbial biomass C, basal respiration and microbial quotient, thus suggesting that croprotation more than tillage management was the driving factor in improving soil biochemical indicators.
|Numero di pagine||8|
|Rivista||Applied Soil Ecology|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2014|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
- Soil Science