Signature of the presence of a third body orbiting around XB 1916-053

Angelo Francesco Gambino, Rosario Iaria, Tiziana Di Salvo, Marco Matranga, Carmela Galiano, Riggio, Pintore, Sanna, Scarano, Del Santo, Burderi, Romano

Risultato della ricerca: Article

6 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

The ultra-compact dipping source XB 1916-053 has an orbital period of close to 50 min and a companion star with a very low mass (less than 0.1 M⊙). The orbital period derivative of the source was estimated to be 1.5(3) × 10-11 s/s through analysing the delays associated with the dip arrival times obtained from observations spanning 25 years, from 1978 to 2002. Aims. The known orbital period derivative is extremely large and can be explained by invoking an extreme, non-conservative mass transfer rate that is not easily justifiable. We extended the analysed data from 1978 to 2014, by spanning 37 years, to verify whether a larger sample of data can be fitted with a quadratic term or a different scenario has to be considered. Methods. We obtained 27 delays associated with the dip arrival times from data covering 37 years and used different models to fit the time delays with respect to a constant period model. We find that the quadratic form alone does not fit the data. The data are well fitted using a sinusoidal term plus a quadratic function or, alternatively, with a series of sinusoidal terms that can be associated with a modulation of the dip arrival times due to the presence of a third body that has an elliptical orbit. We infer that for a conservative mass transfer scenario the modulation of the delays can be explained by invoking the presence of a third body with mass between 0.10-0.14 M⊙, orbital period around the X-ray binary system of close to 51 yr and an eccentricity of 0.28 ± 0.15. In a non-conservative mass transfer scenario we estimate that the fraction of matter yielded by the degenerate companion star and accreted onto the neutron star is β = 0.08, the neutron star mass is ≥2.2 M⊙, and the companion star mass is 0.028 M⊙. In this case, we explain the sinusoidal modulation of the delays by invoking the presence of a third body with orbital period of 26 yr and mass of 0.055 M⊙. From the analysis of the delays associated with the dip arrival times, we find that both in a conservative and nonconservative mass transfer scenario we have to invoke the presence of a third body to explain the observed sinusoidal modulation. We propose that XB 1916-053 forms a hierarchical triple system.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)A32-
Numero di pagine13
RivistaASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS
Volume582
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2015

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arrival time
companion stars
signatures
mass transfer
arrivals
dip
orbitals
modulation
neutron stars
elliptical orbits
dipping
eccentricity
coverings
time lag
estimates
x rays

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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Signature of the presence of a third body orbiting around XB 1916-053. / Gambino, Angelo Francesco; Iaria, Rosario; Di Salvo, Tiziana; Matranga, Marco; Galiano, Carmela; Riggio; Pintore; Sanna; Scarano; Del Santo; Burderi; Romano.

In: ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS, Vol. 582, 2015, pag. A32-.

Risultato della ricerca: Article

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title = "Signature of the presence of a third body orbiting around XB 1916-053",
abstract = "The ultra-compact dipping source XB 1916-053 has an orbital period of close to 50 min and a companion star with a very low mass (less than 0.1 M⊙). The orbital period derivative of the source was estimated to be 1.5(3) × 10-11 s/s through analysing the delays associated with the dip arrival times obtained from observations spanning 25 years, from 1978 to 2002. Aims. The known orbital period derivative is extremely large and can be explained by invoking an extreme, non-conservative mass transfer rate that is not easily justifiable. We extended the analysed data from 1978 to 2014, by spanning 37 years, to verify whether a larger sample of data can be fitted with a quadratic term or a different scenario has to be considered. Methods. We obtained 27 delays associated with the dip arrival times from data covering 37 years and used different models to fit the time delays with respect to a constant period model. We find that the quadratic form alone does not fit the data. The data are well fitted using a sinusoidal term plus a quadratic function or, alternatively, with a series of sinusoidal terms that can be associated with a modulation of the dip arrival times due to the presence of a third body that has an elliptical orbit. We infer that for a conservative mass transfer scenario the modulation of the delays can be explained by invoking the presence of a third body with mass between 0.10-0.14 M⊙, orbital period around the X-ray binary system of close to 51 yr and an eccentricity of 0.28 ± 0.15. In a non-conservative mass transfer scenario we estimate that the fraction of matter yielded by the degenerate companion star and accreted onto the neutron star is β = 0.08, the neutron star mass is ≥2.2 M⊙, and the companion star mass is 0.028 M⊙. In this case, we explain the sinusoidal modulation of the delays by invoking the presence of a third body with orbital period of 26 yr and mass of 0.055 M⊙. From the analysis of the delays associated with the dip arrival times, we find that both in a conservative and nonconservative mass transfer scenario we have to invoke the presence of a third body to explain the observed sinusoidal modulation. We propose that XB 1916-053 forms a hierarchical triple system.",
author = "Gambino, {Angelo Francesco} and Rosario Iaria and {Di Salvo}, Tiziana and Marco Matranga and Carmela Galiano and Riggio and Pintore and Sanna and Scarano and {Del Santo} and Burderi and Romano",
year = "2015",
language = "English",
volume = "582",
pages = "A32--",
journal = "ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS",
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}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Signature of the presence of a third body orbiting around XB 1916-053

AU - Gambino, Angelo Francesco

AU - Iaria, Rosario

AU - Di Salvo, Tiziana

AU - Matranga, Marco

AU - Galiano, Carmela

AU - Riggio, null

AU - Pintore, null

AU - Sanna, null

AU - Scarano, null

AU - Del Santo, null

AU - Burderi, null

AU - Romano, null

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - The ultra-compact dipping source XB 1916-053 has an orbital period of close to 50 min and a companion star with a very low mass (less than 0.1 M⊙). The orbital period derivative of the source was estimated to be 1.5(3) × 10-11 s/s through analysing the delays associated with the dip arrival times obtained from observations spanning 25 years, from 1978 to 2002. Aims. The known orbital period derivative is extremely large and can be explained by invoking an extreme, non-conservative mass transfer rate that is not easily justifiable. We extended the analysed data from 1978 to 2014, by spanning 37 years, to verify whether a larger sample of data can be fitted with a quadratic term or a different scenario has to be considered. Methods. We obtained 27 delays associated with the dip arrival times from data covering 37 years and used different models to fit the time delays with respect to a constant period model. We find that the quadratic form alone does not fit the data. The data are well fitted using a sinusoidal term plus a quadratic function or, alternatively, with a series of sinusoidal terms that can be associated with a modulation of the dip arrival times due to the presence of a third body that has an elliptical orbit. We infer that for a conservative mass transfer scenario the modulation of the delays can be explained by invoking the presence of a third body with mass between 0.10-0.14 M⊙, orbital period around the X-ray binary system of close to 51 yr and an eccentricity of 0.28 ± 0.15. In a non-conservative mass transfer scenario we estimate that the fraction of matter yielded by the degenerate companion star and accreted onto the neutron star is β = 0.08, the neutron star mass is ≥2.2 M⊙, and the companion star mass is 0.028 M⊙. In this case, we explain the sinusoidal modulation of the delays by invoking the presence of a third body with orbital period of 26 yr and mass of 0.055 M⊙. From the analysis of the delays associated with the dip arrival times, we find that both in a conservative and nonconservative mass transfer scenario we have to invoke the presence of a third body to explain the observed sinusoidal modulation. We propose that XB 1916-053 forms a hierarchical triple system.

AB - The ultra-compact dipping source XB 1916-053 has an orbital period of close to 50 min and a companion star with a very low mass (less than 0.1 M⊙). The orbital period derivative of the source was estimated to be 1.5(3) × 10-11 s/s through analysing the delays associated with the dip arrival times obtained from observations spanning 25 years, from 1978 to 2002. Aims. The known orbital period derivative is extremely large and can be explained by invoking an extreme, non-conservative mass transfer rate that is not easily justifiable. We extended the analysed data from 1978 to 2014, by spanning 37 years, to verify whether a larger sample of data can be fitted with a quadratic term or a different scenario has to be considered. Methods. We obtained 27 delays associated with the dip arrival times from data covering 37 years and used different models to fit the time delays with respect to a constant period model. We find that the quadratic form alone does not fit the data. The data are well fitted using a sinusoidal term plus a quadratic function or, alternatively, with a series of sinusoidal terms that can be associated with a modulation of the dip arrival times due to the presence of a third body that has an elliptical orbit. We infer that for a conservative mass transfer scenario the modulation of the delays can be explained by invoking the presence of a third body with mass between 0.10-0.14 M⊙, orbital period around the X-ray binary system of close to 51 yr and an eccentricity of 0.28 ± 0.15. In a non-conservative mass transfer scenario we estimate that the fraction of matter yielded by the degenerate companion star and accreted onto the neutron star is β = 0.08, the neutron star mass is ≥2.2 M⊙, and the companion star mass is 0.028 M⊙. In this case, we explain the sinusoidal modulation of the delays by invoking the presence of a third body with orbital period of 26 yr and mass of 0.055 M⊙. From the analysis of the delays associated with the dip arrival times, we find that both in a conservative and nonconservative mass transfer scenario we have to invoke the presence of a third body to explain the observed sinusoidal modulation. We propose that XB 1916-053 forms a hierarchical triple system.

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/154307

UR - http://www.edpsciences.org/journal/index.cfm?edpsname=aa

M3 - Article

VL - 582

SP - A32-

JO - ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS

JF - ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS

SN - 0004-6361

ER -