In Europe, especially in Italy, different considerations arenecessary when potential GMPs are to be grown. In particularhigh biodiversity areas such as Sicily should have a more detailplans of potential benefits and risks assuring the conservationof biodiversity and endemic species. Sicily is one of the mostrelevant biodiversity hotspots in the Mediterranean area,with a vascular flora of 3252 species and 321 endemic taxa.Considering the latest IUCN categories and criteria, 401 taxa(12.4% of Sicilian flora) are under threat (categories “CR”, “EN”,“VU”), and 220 more taxa (6.8%) are “Near Threatened”. Sicilyis also known to have a rich butterfly and coleopteran faunaincluding endemic and rare species . Agricultural systems,66% of the area, mainly cereal crops (40%) olive groves (7%),vineyard (6%), citrus groves (5%) and orchards (2%). 25% ofthese are within the Natura 2000 Network sites. Semi-naturalsystems account for about 21% of the area. The genusBrassica,Cichorium, Dianthus, Medicago, Prunus e Trifolium have ahigher number of rare, endemic species, some of which havea high risk of extinction. Moreover, cultivated trees, as Prunus,have rich heritage of some hundreds ethno-varieties, resultsof centuries of selection practices of farmers. Sicilian territorywill likely continue to have among its characteristics an entirelyagricultural vocation, with a greater extension of organicagriculture, even in the presence of forms of integration withother sectors such as tourism and protection. For the abovereasons Sicily was chosen as a pilot area to study the potentialimpact of PGMs on biodiversity. Model is based on thepotential GMPs, their, traits, areas grown, potential gene flows, distance from natural areas. Moreover an ecological approachfor selection of non-target Lepidoptera species for ecologicalrisk assessment of PGMs in Sicily, using data collected over a3-year period, is reported.
|Numero di pagine||2|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2015|