Sibship size, birth order and psychotic experiences: Evidence from 43 low- and middle-income countries

Nicola Veronese, Andrew Stickley, Davy Vancampfort, Nicola Veronese, Jordan E. Devylder, Hans Oh, Ai Koyanagi, Brendon Stubbs, Josep Maria Haro

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review


Background: Sibship size and birth order may be contributing factors to the multifactorial etiology of psychosis. Specifically, several studies have shown that sibship size and birth order are associated with schizophrenia. However, there are no studies on their association with psychotic experiences (PE). Methods: Cross-sectional, community-based data from 43 low- and middle-income countries which participated in the World Health Survey were analyzed. The Composite International Diagnostic Interview was used to identify four types of past 12-month PE. The association of sibship size and birth order with PE was assessed with multivariable logistic regression. Results: The final sample consisted of 212,920 adults [mean (SD) age 38.1 (16.0) years; 50.7% females]. In the multivariable analysis, compared to individuals with no siblings, the OR increased linearly from 1.26 (95%CI = 1.01–1.56) to 1.72 (95%CI = 1.41–2.09) among those with 1 and ≥ 9 siblings, respectively. Compared to the first-born, middle-born individuals were more likely to have PE when having a very high number of siblings (i.e. ≥9). Conclusions: Future studies should examine the environmental and biological factors underlying the association between sibship size/birth order and PE. Specifically, it may be important to examine the unmeasured factors, such as childhood infections and adversities that may be related to both family structure and PE. © 2018 Elsevier B.V.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)406-412
Numero di pagine7
RivistaSchizophrenia Research
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

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