Sequestration of biogenic amines by alginic and fulvic acids

Daniela Piazzese, Antonio Gianguzza, Nunziatina Porcino, Silvio Sammartano, Concetta De Stefano, Sergio Sammartano

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

8 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

The interaction of natural (alginic and fulvic acids) and synthetic (polyacrylic acid 2.0 kDa) polyelectrolytes with some protonated polyamines [diamines: ethylendiamine, 1,4-diaminobutane (or putrescine), 1,5-diaminopentane (or cadaverine); triamines: N-(3-aminopropyl)-1,4diaminobutane (or spermidine), diethylenetriamine; tetramine: N.N'-bis(3-aminopropyl)-1,4-diaminobutane (or spermine); pentamine: tetraethylene-pentamine; hexamine: pentaethylenehexamine] was studied at T=25 degrees C by potentiometry and calorimetry. Measurements were performed without supporting electrolyte, in order to avoid interference, and results were reported at I=0 mol L(-1). For all the systems, the formation of (am)L,Hi species was found (am=amine; L=polyelectrolyte; i=1...4, depending on the amine considered). The stability of polyanion-polyammonium cation complexes is always significant, and for high-charged polycations, we observe a stability comparable to that of strong metal complexes. For example, by considering the formation reaction (am)H(i)+2L=(am)L(2)H(i) we found log K(i)=6.0, 6.5 and 10.8 for i=1, 2 and 3, respectively, in the system alginate-spermidine. Low and positive formation Delta H degrees values indicate that the main contribution to the stability is entropic in nature. The sequestering ability of polyelectrolytes toward amines was modelled by a sigmoid Boltzman type equation. Some empirical relationships between stability, charges and Delta G degrees and T Delta S degrees are reported. Mean values per salt bridge of formation thermodynamic parameters (Delta X degrees(n)) are Delta G degrees n =-5.8 +/- 0.4, Delta H degrees=0.7 +/- 0.5 and T Delta S degrees=6.5 +/- 0.5 kJmol(-1) for all the systems studied in this work. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)221-231
Numero di pagine11
RivistaBiophysical Chemistry
Volume122
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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