Self-image and psychological distress in treatment-seeking adolescents

Maria Di Blasi, Crispino Tosto, Massimo Alagna, Patrizia Muccioli

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

1 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Adolescence has been recognized as a critical period for mental health during which it is fundamentalto the well-being of adolescents to provide early and appropriate mental health interventions. Self-imageperceptions play a particularly relevant role during adolescence since individuals are extensivelyinvolved in reorganizing their identity and relationships. Although the self-image development implies adaptiveoutcomes for most adolescents, some age-related tasks can be difficult to deal with and lead to psychologicalsuffering for a minority of them. Method: This study examined how domain-specific self-image wasassociated with psychological distress in 128 treatment-seeking adolescents aged 13–18 (60.9% female). Theadolescents completed the Offer Self-Image Questionnaire to measure their global and domain-specific self-imageand the Youth-Outcome Questionnaire to assess their psychological distress. Results: Regression analysesindicated that impulse control, emotional tone, family, and social functioning significantly predict worsepsychological functioning in the entire group. Moreover, significant gender differences emerged showing amore complex set of risk factors among adolescent females, thus suggesting the need for gender-targeted preventiveand treatment strategies. Conclusions: The findings highlight that adolescents’ feelings and concernsabout their self-image may be key factors to consider in planning, developing, and delivering effective publicmental health services for adolescents.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)258-265
Numero di pagine8
RivistaChild and Adolescent Mental Health
Volume23
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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