Self-esteem, body image and B.M.I. in people attending fitnessclasses

Risultato della ricerca: Otherpeer review

Abstract

Over the last decade there have been several studies which support therole that physical exercise plays in the promotion of well-being and positivemental health. A crucial aspect in the well-being is the relationshipbetween self-esteem and body-image. Anyway limited theoreticallybasedlongitudinal studies on body image and its relationship with selfesteemamong adult men and women is documented (Grossbard, Lee,Neighbors, Larimer, 2009; Mellor, Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, McCabe,Ricciardelli, 2010).Different cultural standards for ideal body types have been identified: forfemales a thin figure represents attractiveness and for males, a moremuscular build symbolizes power and success. Body mass index (MBI)has proven to be the most reliable biological correlate of body image andstudies show an association between elevated BMI and greater body dissatisfaction(Milligan, Pritchard, 2006).Given these theoretical premises, the study aims to investigate the selfesteemand body-image of individuals practicing fitness as a function ofgender and age. The study also examines the role of B.M.I. in the relationshipbetween self-esteem and body-image.The sample consisted of 100 participants (50 females and 50 males),with an average chronological age of 28.59 years (range 18-63; SD=10.2), subdivided into three groups of age: Group 1 (<20 years), Group2 (20-30 years), Group 3 (> 30 years).At the beginning of the research subjects were given a Fitness Test aimedat evaluating parameters such as weight, tall, sit-up test, push-up test,squat-test…Then were administered the Self-Esteem Scale (Rosenberg,1965) and the Body Weight, Image and Self-Esteem EvaluationQuestionnaire (Awad, 2004) to measure the subjects’ self-esteem andbody image. Instruments were collectively administered during the regularfitness classes.In summary, results indicate significant differences between males andfemales both for Self-Esteem (F 1, 99 = 6.694; p < .05) and for Body-image(F 1, 99 = 11.708; p < .01). In particular, males show higher levels ofSelf-Esteem and Body-image than females. Moreover the results demonstratean association between B.M.I., Body-Image and Self-Esteem.Additional research should extend the sample with subjects practicingdifferentiated kinds of sport activities and a control group composed bysedentary subjects.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Pagine28-28
Numero di pagine1
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2012

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