Self-concept evaluation and migraine without aura in childhood

Michele Roccella, Lucia Parisi, Beatrice Gallai, Giovanni Mazzotta, Marco Carotenuto, Maria Esposito, Rosa Marotta, Serena Marianna Lavano, Laura Castaldo

Risultato della ricerca: Article

67 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Self-esteem is related to the broadly understood concept of self-schemas and is a crucial mechanism for a correct psychological development in children and adolescents. The impact of the many psychological difficulties linked to the migraine without aura (MoA) and recurrent headache attacks, such as anger and separation anxiety, on self-esteem has not yet been well investigated. The aims of the present study were to assess self-esteem levels in an objective way and to verify their possible relationship and correlation with the frequency and intensity of migraine attacks, in a population of children and adolescents affected by MoA. Methods: The study population was comprised of 185 children (88 males [M], 97 females [F]) aged between 6 and 12 years (mean 9.04 ± 2.41 years) referred consecutively for MoA to the Center for Childhood Headache, Clinic of Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry, Second University of Naples and of 203 healthy controls (95 M, 108 F) with mean age 9.16 ± 2.37 years, recruited from schools in Campania. The monthly headache frequency and the mean headache duration were assessed from daily headache diaries kept by all the children, and MoA intensity was assessed on a VAS (visual analog scale). To further evaluate their level of self-concept, all subjects filled out the Multidimensional Self-Concept Scale (MSCS). Results: The two study groups were comparable for age (P = 0.621), sex (P = 0.960), and z-score BMI (P = 0.102). The MoA group showed a significant reduction in the MSCS total score (P , 0.001) and in the Social (P , 0.001), Affect (P , 0.001), Family (P , 0.001), and Physical (P , 0.001) domains of the MSCS compared with the control group. The Pearson’s correlation analysis showed a significantly negative relationship between MoA clinical characteristics and MSCS scores, and similarly the frequency of attacks was significantly negatively related with the Social (r = −0.3176; P , 0.001), Competence (r = −0.2349; P = 0.001), Physical (r = −0.2378; P = 0.001), and total (r = −0.2825; P , 0.001) scores of the MSCS. On the other hand, the MoA duration was significantly negatively related with the Social (r = −0.1878; P = 0.01), Competence (r = −0.2270; P = 0.002), Physical (r = −0.1976; P = 0.007), and total (r = −0.1903; P = 0.009) scores of the MSCS. Conclusion: Our study first identified differences in self-esteem levels, with an objective tool, in children affected by MoA compared with controls, suggesting the need for evaluation of self-esteem for better psychological pediatric management of children with migraine.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1061-1066
Numero di pagine6
RivistaNEUROPSYCHIATRIC DISEASE AND TREATMENT
Volume9
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2013

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Diagnostic Self Evaluation
Self Concept
Epilepsy
Migraine without Aura
Headache
Psychology
Migraine Disorders
Mental Competency
Separation Anxiety
Neuropsychiatry
Adolescent Development
Migraine with Aura
Anger
Child Development
Visual Analog Scale
Population

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

Cita questo

Roccella, M., Parisi, L., Gallai, B., Mazzotta, G., Carotenuto, M., Esposito, M., ... Castaldo, L. (2013). Self-concept evaluation and migraine without aura in childhood. NEUROPSYCHIATRIC DISEASE AND TREATMENT, 9, 1061-1066.

Self-concept evaluation and migraine without aura in childhood. / Roccella, Michele; Parisi, Lucia; Gallai, Beatrice; Mazzotta, Giovanni; Carotenuto, Marco; Esposito, Maria; Marotta, Rosa; Lavano, Serena Marianna; Castaldo, Laura.

In: NEUROPSYCHIATRIC DISEASE AND TREATMENT, Vol. 9, 2013, pag. 1061-1066.

Risultato della ricerca: Article

Roccella, M, Parisi, L, Gallai, B, Mazzotta, G, Carotenuto, M, Esposito, M, Marotta, R, Lavano, SM & Castaldo, L 2013, 'Self-concept evaluation and migraine without aura in childhood', NEUROPSYCHIATRIC DISEASE AND TREATMENT, vol. 9, pagg. 1061-1066.
Roccella, Michele ; Parisi, Lucia ; Gallai, Beatrice ; Mazzotta, Giovanni ; Carotenuto, Marco ; Esposito, Maria ; Marotta, Rosa ; Lavano, Serena Marianna ; Castaldo, Laura. / Self-concept evaluation and migraine without aura in childhood. In: NEUROPSYCHIATRIC DISEASE AND TREATMENT. 2013 ; Vol. 9. pagg. 1061-1066.
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title = "Self-concept evaluation and migraine without aura in childhood",
abstract = "Introduction: Self-esteem is related to the broadly understood concept of self-schemas and is a crucial mechanism for a correct psychological development in children and adolescents. The impact of the many psychological difficulties linked to the migraine without aura (MoA) and recurrent headache attacks, such as anger and separation anxiety, on self-esteem has not yet been well investigated. The aims of the present study were to assess self-esteem levels in an objective way and to verify their possible relationship and correlation with the frequency and intensity of migraine attacks, in a population of children and adolescents affected by MoA. Methods: The study population was comprised of 185 children (88 males [M], 97 females [F]) aged between 6 and 12 years (mean 9.04 ± 2.41 years) referred consecutively for MoA to the Center for Childhood Headache, Clinic of Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry, Second University of Naples and of 203 healthy controls (95 M, 108 F) with mean age 9.16 ± 2.37 years, recruited from schools in Campania. The monthly headache frequency and the mean headache duration were assessed from daily headache diaries kept by all the children, and MoA intensity was assessed on a VAS (visual analog scale). To further evaluate their level of self-concept, all subjects filled out the Multidimensional Self-Concept Scale (MSCS). Results: The two study groups were comparable for age (P = 0.621), sex (P = 0.960), and z-score BMI (P = 0.102). The MoA group showed a significant reduction in the MSCS total score (P , 0.001) and in the Social (P , 0.001), Affect (P , 0.001), Family (P , 0.001), and Physical (P , 0.001) domains of the MSCS compared with the control group. The Pearson’s correlation analysis showed a significantly negative relationship between MoA clinical characteristics and MSCS scores, and similarly the frequency of attacks was significantly negatively related with the Social (r = −0.3176; P , 0.001), Competence (r = −0.2349; P = 0.001), Physical (r = −0.2378; P = 0.001), and total (r = −0.2825; P , 0.001) scores of the MSCS. On the other hand, the MoA duration was significantly negatively related with the Social (r = −0.1878; P = 0.01), Competence (r = −0.2270; P = 0.002), Physical (r = −0.1976; P = 0.007), and total (r = −0.1903; P = 0.009) scores of the MSCS. Conclusion: Our study first identified differences in self-esteem levels, with an objective tool, in children affected by MoA compared with controls, suggesting the need for evaluation of self-esteem for better psychological pediatric management of children with migraine.",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Self-concept evaluation and migraine without aura in childhood

AU - Roccella, Michele

AU - Parisi, Lucia

AU - Gallai, Beatrice

AU - Mazzotta, Giovanni

AU - Carotenuto, Marco

AU - Esposito, Maria

AU - Marotta, Rosa

AU - Lavano, Serena Marianna

AU - Castaldo, Laura

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Introduction: Self-esteem is related to the broadly understood concept of self-schemas and is a crucial mechanism for a correct psychological development in children and adolescents. The impact of the many psychological difficulties linked to the migraine without aura (MoA) and recurrent headache attacks, such as anger and separation anxiety, on self-esteem has not yet been well investigated. The aims of the present study were to assess self-esteem levels in an objective way and to verify their possible relationship and correlation with the frequency and intensity of migraine attacks, in a population of children and adolescents affected by MoA. Methods: The study population was comprised of 185 children (88 males [M], 97 females [F]) aged between 6 and 12 years (mean 9.04 ± 2.41 years) referred consecutively for MoA to the Center for Childhood Headache, Clinic of Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry, Second University of Naples and of 203 healthy controls (95 M, 108 F) with mean age 9.16 ± 2.37 years, recruited from schools in Campania. The monthly headache frequency and the mean headache duration were assessed from daily headache diaries kept by all the children, and MoA intensity was assessed on a VAS (visual analog scale). To further evaluate their level of self-concept, all subjects filled out the Multidimensional Self-Concept Scale (MSCS). Results: The two study groups were comparable for age (P = 0.621), sex (P = 0.960), and z-score BMI (P = 0.102). The MoA group showed a significant reduction in the MSCS total score (P , 0.001) and in the Social (P , 0.001), Affect (P , 0.001), Family (P , 0.001), and Physical (P , 0.001) domains of the MSCS compared with the control group. The Pearson’s correlation analysis showed a significantly negative relationship between MoA clinical characteristics and MSCS scores, and similarly the frequency of attacks was significantly negatively related with the Social (r = −0.3176; P , 0.001), Competence (r = −0.2349; P = 0.001), Physical (r = −0.2378; P = 0.001), and total (r = −0.2825; P , 0.001) scores of the MSCS. On the other hand, the MoA duration was significantly negatively related with the Social (r = −0.1878; P = 0.01), Competence (r = −0.2270; P = 0.002), Physical (r = −0.1976; P = 0.007), and total (r = −0.1903; P = 0.009) scores of the MSCS. Conclusion: Our study first identified differences in self-esteem levels, with an objective tool, in children affected by MoA compared with controls, suggesting the need for evaluation of self-esteem for better psychological pediatric management of children with migraine.

AB - Introduction: Self-esteem is related to the broadly understood concept of self-schemas and is a crucial mechanism for a correct psychological development in children and adolescents. The impact of the many psychological difficulties linked to the migraine without aura (MoA) and recurrent headache attacks, such as anger and separation anxiety, on self-esteem has not yet been well investigated. The aims of the present study were to assess self-esteem levels in an objective way and to verify their possible relationship and correlation with the frequency and intensity of migraine attacks, in a population of children and adolescents affected by MoA. Methods: The study population was comprised of 185 children (88 males [M], 97 females [F]) aged between 6 and 12 years (mean 9.04 ± 2.41 years) referred consecutively for MoA to the Center for Childhood Headache, Clinic of Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry, Second University of Naples and of 203 healthy controls (95 M, 108 F) with mean age 9.16 ± 2.37 years, recruited from schools in Campania. The monthly headache frequency and the mean headache duration were assessed from daily headache diaries kept by all the children, and MoA intensity was assessed on a VAS (visual analog scale). To further evaluate their level of self-concept, all subjects filled out the Multidimensional Self-Concept Scale (MSCS). Results: The two study groups were comparable for age (P = 0.621), sex (P = 0.960), and z-score BMI (P = 0.102). The MoA group showed a significant reduction in the MSCS total score (P , 0.001) and in the Social (P , 0.001), Affect (P , 0.001), Family (P , 0.001), and Physical (P , 0.001) domains of the MSCS compared with the control group. The Pearson’s correlation analysis showed a significantly negative relationship between MoA clinical characteristics and MSCS scores, and similarly the frequency of attacks was significantly negatively related with the Social (r = −0.3176; P , 0.001), Competence (r = −0.2349; P = 0.001), Physical (r = −0.2378; P = 0.001), and total (r = −0.2825; P , 0.001) scores of the MSCS. On the other hand, the MoA duration was significantly negatively related with the Social (r = −0.1878; P = 0.01), Competence (r = −0.2270; P = 0.002), Physical (r = −0.1976; P = 0.007), and total (r = −0.1903; P = 0.009) scores of the MSCS. Conclusion: Our study first identified differences in self-esteem levels, with an objective tool, in children affected by MoA compared with controls, suggesting the need for evaluation of self-esteem for better psychological pediatric management of children with migraine.

KW - children, self-esteem, MSCS

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/82246

M3 - Article

VL - 9

SP - 1061

EP - 1066

JO - NEUROPSYCHIATRIC DISEASE AND TREATMENT

JF - NEUROPSYCHIATRIC DISEASE AND TREATMENT

SN - 1178-2021

ER -