Self-awareness, perspective-taking, and egocentrism

Costanza Scaffidi Abbate, Stefano Boca, Guido H. E. Gendolla

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6 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

The present experiment examined the effect of self-awareness on adult perspective-taking and egocentrism. After having indicated their own opinion on an ecology-related topic, university students estimated a fellow student’s opinion on the same matter. Participants did so either in front of a mirror or not, and either after having received a cue for the fellow student’s most probable opinion—his perspective—or not, resulting in a 2 (self-awareness: Low vs. high) × 2 (cue: Yes vs. no) between persons design. As expected, self-aware participants were more likely to correctly estimate the fellow student’s most probable opinion, reflecting perspective-taking, if a cue for his/her perspective was provided. Moreover, self-awareness also reduced participants’ false consensus beliefs (i.e., egocentrism)—when they had a cue for the fellow student’s perspective. The results conceptually replicate and extend previous findings on self-awareness, perspective-taking, and egocentrism.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)371-380
Numero di pagine10
RivistaSelf and Identity
Volume15
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2016

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychology(all)

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