Polymeric carbon nitride-hydrogen peroxide adduct (PCN-H2O2) has been prepared, thoroughly characterised and its application for selective photocatalytic conversion of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) to 2,5-furandicarboxaldehyde (FDC) in aqueous suspension has been studied. The PCN-H2O2adduct is stable in aqueous suspension under UV and solar irradiation up to 100 Â°C. It is also stable up to 200 Â°C if heated in air, while at temperatures close to 300 Â°C its decomposition takes place. Based on the obtained characterisation data it has been proposed that H2O2attaches to the non-polymerised carbon nitride species and to the heptazine nitrogen atoms, thus producing strong hydrogen bonding within the PCN-H2O2adduct. The blockage of the surface amino-groups in PCN-H2O2by H2O2hinders the interaction of HMF with these sites, which are responsible for unselective substrate conversion. PCN-H2O2, although being less active, possesses a superior selectivity in natural solar light assisted oxidation of HMF to FDC reaching 80% with respect to its thermally etched PCN counterpart, which gives rise to a 40â50% selectivity. We believe that the exceptional performance of the applied photocatalyst in the selective photocatalytic conversion of HMF to a high added value FDC in a green solvent under natural illumination makes a significant contribution to the development of environmentally friendly technologies for biomass valorisation.
|Numero di pagine||11|
|Rivista||Journal of Catalysis|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2018|
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