Following a request from EFSA, the Panel on Plant Protection Products and their Residues developedan opinion on the science behind the risk assessment of plant protection products for in-soilorganisms. The current risk assessment scheme is reviewed, taking into account new regulatoryframeworks and scientific developments. Proposals are made for specific protection goals for in-soilorganisms being key drivers for relevant ecosystem services in agricultural landscapes such as nutrientcycling, soil structure, pest control and biodiversity. Considering the time-scales and biologicalprocesses related to the dispersal of the majority of in-soil organisms compared to terrestrialnon-target arthropods living above soil, the Panel proposes that in-soil environmental risk assessmentsare made at in- and off-field scale considering field boundary levels. A new testing strategy whichtakes into account the relevant exposure routes for in-soil organisms and the potential direct andindirect effects is proposed. In order to address species recovery and long-term impacts of PPPs, theuse of population models is also proposed.
|Numero di pagine||227|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2017|