BACKGROUND:A biweekly regimen of irinotecan 200 mg/m2 on day 1 and levo-leucovorin (LV) 250 mg/m2 plus 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) 850 mg/m2 via intravenous bolus on day 2 was assessed in 2 consecutive randomized trials in metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC).PATIENTS AND METHODS:Individual data of 254 patients were merged, and baseline features potentially affecting overall response rate (ORR), progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), and occurrence of severe toxicity were analyzed by univariate and multivariate analyses.RESULTS:In the pooled series, ORR was 33% (95% confidence interval [CI], 27%-39%). Liver-only disease (47% vs. 25%; P=0.0012) and absence of previous weight loss (38% vs. 20%; P=0.0189) were significantly associated with a higher ORR on the multivariate analysis. Absence of weight loss (hazard ratio, 1.40; 95% CI, 1.02-1.93; P=0.0377) was significantly associated with a longer PFS (7.5 months vs. 6 months). Median OS was 15.1 months (95% CI, 13.5-16.6 months). Primary surgery, good performance status (PS), only one metastatic site, and oxaliplatin-based second-line treatment independently predicted a longer OS. Grade 4 neutropenia was significantly associated with a PS>or=1, whereas risk of grade>or=3 diarrhea was directly related to age and previous weight loss.CONCLUSION:Patients with no weight loss and/or preserved PS and with a limited disease extent appeared to obtain the greatest benefit from our irinotecan/5-FU/LV regimen, with acceptable toxicity. Notably, the regimen was effective and well tolerated by elderly patients. This regimen may represent the rationale for assessing the addition of novel antiangiogenic drugs to the treatment of metastatic CRC.
|Rivista||Clinical Colorectal Cancer|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2005|