Roman quarries of the Iberian Peninsula: "Anasol" and "Anasol-type".

Ettore Maria Azzaro, Paola Morbidelli, Angel Polvorinos, Claudio Imperatori, Maria Jesus Hernandez, Maria Preite Martinez, Patrizia Tucci

Risultato della ricerca: Article

15 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

The Iberian peninsula is rich inmarble, both white and coloured, of excellent quality, used in the past (Pliny NH, XXXVI,II) and also at the present time asmaterial for building and decoration. Many types of these marbles are similar to some, better known,Greek, Italian, Egyptian and Asian marbles. During the Roman Empire “marmor carystium” was extensively used. Taking intoaccount the great similarity of this marble with the “anasol” and “anasol”-types mined in Spain and Portugal, this work presents aminero-petrographic, chemical and geochemical characterisation of these lithotypes, aiming at finding parameters to distinguishthem from the better-known Greek and Italian “cipollino verde”. This result is of great importance in solving archaeologicalquestions regarding the provenance of artifacts made of this marble. In fact, as hypothesised by some researchers, mainly in theIberian peninsula (i.e., archaeological sites of Italica and Cartagena) inRoman Empire times the less expensive local marble was usedinstead of importing that from the imperial quarries. Study samples come from well-known Spanish (21 samples; Macael-Almeria,Almaden de la Plata-Seville) and Portuguese (14 samples; Viana do Alentejo-Evora, Vilavicosa-Evora) quarries. Thin sectionsmicroscopy, X-ray diffractometry, qualitative and quantitative determination of insoluble residues, chemistry, and O, C and Srisotopeswere carried out on these samples.The results clearly distinguish Spanish “anasol” from the Portuguese “anasol”-type, and also the Iberian “cipollino verde” fromGreek and Apuan types based on petrographic and geochemical parameters including occurrence of dolomite and other noncarbonateminerals,metamorphic facies, rock texture and structure, insoluble residue contents, δ13C vs δ18O, and/or δ18O vs 87Sr/86Sr.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)125-135
Numero di pagine11
RivistaEuropean Journal of Mineralogy
Volume19
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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    Azzaro, E. M., Morbidelli, P., Polvorinos, A., Imperatori, C., Hernandez, M. J., Preite Martinez, M., & Tucci, P. (2007). Roman quarries of the Iberian Peninsula: "Anasol" and "Anasol-type". European Journal of Mineralogy, 19, 125-135.