Respiratory distress syndrome is the commonest respiratory disorder in preterm infants. Although it is well known that preterm birth has a key role, the mechanisms of lung injury have not been fully elucidated. The pathogenesis of this neonatal condition is based on the rapid formation of the oxygen reactive species, which surpasses the detoxification capacity of anti-oxidative defense system. The high reactivity of free radical leads to damage to a variety of molecules and may induce respiratory cell death. There is evidence that the oxidative stress involved in the physiopathology of this disease, is particularly related to oxygen supplementation, mechanical ventilation, inflammation/infection and diabetes. This narrative review summarizes what is known regarding the connection between oxidative stress and respiratory distress syndrome.
|Numero di pagine||6|
|Rivista||FREE RADICAL BIOLOGY & MEDICINE|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2019|
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