Background: Tellurite (TeO32-) is recognized as a toxic oxyanion to living organisms. However, mainly anaerobic or facultative-anaerobic microorganisms are able to tolerate and convert TeO32- into the less toxic and available form of elemental Tellurium (Te0), producing Te-deposits or Te-nanostructures. The use of TeO32--reducing bacteria can lead to the decontamination of polluted environments and the development of "green-synthesis" methods for the production of nanomaterials. In this study, the tolerance and the consumption of TeO32- have been investigated, along with the production and characterization of Te-nanorods by Rhodococcus aetherivorans BCP1 grown under aerobic conditions. Results: Aerobically grown BCP1 cells showed high tolerance towards TeO32- with a minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 2800μg/mL (11.2mM). TeO32- consumption has been evaluated exposing the BCP1 strain to either 100 or 500μg/mL of K2TeO3 (unconditioned growth) or after re-inoculation in fresh medium with new addition of K2TeO3 (conditioned growth). A complete consumption of TeO32- at 100μg/mL was observed under both growth conditions, although conditioned cells showed higher consumption rate. Unconditioned and conditioned BCP1 cells partially consumed TeO32- at 500μg/mL. However, a greater TeO32- consumption was observed with conditioned cells. The production of intracellular, not aggregated and rod-shaped Te-nanostructures (TeNRs) was observed as a consequence of TeO32- reduction. Extracted TeNRs appear to be embedded in an organic surrounding material, as suggested by the chemical-physical characterization. Moreover, we observed longer TeNRs depending on either the concentration of precursor (100 or 500μg/mL of K2TeO3) or the growth conditions (unconditioned or conditioned grown cells). Conclusions:Rhodococcus aetherivorans BCP1 is able to tolerate high concentrations of TeO32- during its growth under aerobic conditions. Moreover, compared to unconditioned BCP1 cells, TeO32- conditioned cells showed a higher oxyanion consumption rate (for 100μg/mL of K2TeO3) or to consume greater amount of TeO32- (for 500μg/mL of K2TeO3). TeO32- consumption by BCP1 cells led to the production of intracellular and not aggregated TeNRs embedded in an organic surrounding material. The high resistance of BCP1 to TeO32- along with its ability to produce Te-nanostructures supports the application of this microorganism as a possible eco-friendly nanofactory.
|Numero di pagine||14|
|Rivista||Microbial Cell Factories|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2016|
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