Reverse Electrodialysis (RED) is a technology for generating electricity from the difference in salinity between two solutions. RED is usually applied to natural water streams with different salinities, like seawater vs. freshwater. In the RED Heat-to-Power project we explore the option of using artificial water solutions operating in a closed loop where the difference in salinity is regenerated in a separation step powered by heat at temperature ranges between 60 and 100°C. We call this system Reverse Electrodialysis Heat Engine (RED HE). In this paper, first we summarise the possible system configurations and the overall amount of excess heat available in Europe for powering the RED HE process, as described in our previous publications. Then we take a closer look at specific sites, where a RED HE engine could be potentially applied, assessing the amount of waste heat that can be technically and realistically recovered and sizing the RED HE system for those applications. The case studies include the excess heat recovery from: 1. a typical large-sized pulp and paper industry based in Sweden 2. a typical medium-sized food industry as described within the IEE project GREENFOODS 3. a relatively large biogas plant in Germany 4. the on-board auxiliary engine of a medium-sized bulk carrier 5. a gas compressor station in Poland. The results show that the RED HE is suitable to be used by all those sectors. For most cases, the typical heat engines would be of relatively small size, because of the Carnot limits for temperatures at 100°C or lower: Industry 150-600 kW, Biogas plants 5-20 kW, Marine 4-17 kW. On the other hand, the gas compressor stations are suitable for larger applications, in the range of 2-8 MW.
|Numero di pagine||8|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2018|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering