Resonance interaction energy between two accelerated identical atoms in a coaccelerated frame and the Unruh effect

Lucia Rizzuto, Roberto Passante, Wenting Zhou, Lucia Rizzuto, Roberto Passante

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

20 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigate the resonance interaction energy between two uniformly accelerated identical atoms, interacting with the scalar field or the electromagnetic field in the vacuum state, in the reference frame coaccelerating with the atoms. We assume that one atom is excited and the other is in the ground state and that they are prepared in their correlated symmetric or antisymmetric state. Using perturbation theory, we separate, at the second order in the atom-field coupling, the contributions of vacuum fluctuations and a radiation reaction field to the energy shift of the interacting system. We show that only the radiation reaction term contributes to the resonance interaction between the two atoms, while Unruh thermal fluctuations, related to the vacuum fluctuations contribution, do not affect the resonance interatomic interaction. We also show that the resonance interaction between two uniformly accelerated atoms, recently investigated in the comoving (locally inertial) frame, can be recovered in the coaccelerated frame, without the additional assumption of the Fulling-Davies-Unruh temperature for the quantum fields (as necessary for the Lamb shift, for example). This indicates, in the case considered, the equivalence between the coaccelerated frame and the locally inertial frame.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)105025-1-105025-9
Numero di pagine9
RivistaPHYSICAL REVIEW D
Volume94
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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