Resistance to clarithromycin and genotypes in Helicobacter pylori strains isolated in Sicily

Celestino Bonura, Teresa Maria Assunta Fasciana, Anna Giammanco, Cinzia Cala', Domenica Matranga, Salvatore Camilleri, Michele Manganaro, Giuseppe Scarpulla, Giuseppe Scarpulla

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26 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

The resistance of Helicobacter pylori strains to clarithromycin is increasing in several developed countries and their association with a genetic pattern circulation has been variously explained as related to different geographical areas. In this study we have reported: the prevalence of the resistance of H. pylori, isolated in Sicily, to clarithromycin; the principal point of mutation associated with this resistance; and the more frequent association between resistance to clarithromycin and cagA, the EPIYA motif, and the vacA and oipA genes. Resistance to clarithromycin was detected in 25 % of cases, the main genetic mutation involved being A2143G. The cagA gene was present in 48 % of cases and the distribution of the EPIYA motif was: ABC in 35 cases; ABCC in 8 cases; ABCCC in 2 cases; ABC-ABCC in 2 cases; and ABC-ABCC-ABCCC in 1 case. Regarding the vacA allele, an s1i1m1 combination was detected in 35 % of cases, s1i1m2 in 12 %, s1i2m2 in 12 %, s2i2m2 in 40 %, and a double s1m1-m2 mosaic in 1 % of cases. The status of the oipA gene was ‘off’ in 45 % of cases and ‘on’ in 55 %. Resistance to clarithromycin was found to be high in Sicily, but no correlation was found among resistance to clarithromycin, the vacA gene and oipA status; a higher correlation was observed between resistant strains and cagA-negative strains.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1408-1414
Numero di pagine7
RivistaJournal of Medical Microbiology
Volume64
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2015

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Microbiology
  • Microbiology (medical)

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