Relevance of 3d culture systems to study osteosarcoma environment

Riccardo Alessandro, Daniele Bellavia, Francesca Salamanna, Angela De Luca, Valeria Carina, Viviana Costa, Riccardo Alessandro, Gianluca Giavaresi, Lavinia Raimondi, Milena Fini

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

20 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most common primary malignant tumor of bone, which preferentially develops lung metastasis. Although standard chemotherapy has significantly improved long-term survival over the past few decades, the outcome for patients with metastatic or recurrent OS remains dramatically poor. Novel therapies are therefore required to slow progression and eradicate the disease. Furthermore, to better understand the cellular and molecular mechanisms responsible for OS onset and progression, the development of novel predictive culture systems resembling the native three-dimensional (3D) tumor microenvironment are mandatory. 'Tumor engineering' approaches radically changed the previous scenario, through the development of advanced and alternative 3D cell culture in vitro models able to tightly mimic the in vivo tumor microenvironment.In this review, we will summarize the state of the art in this novel area, illustrating the different methods and techniques employed to realize 3D OS cell culture models and we report the achieved results, which highlight the efficacy of these models in reproducing the tumor milieu. Although data need to be further validated, the scientific studies reviewed here are certainly promising and give new insights into the clinical practice.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)2-16
Numero di pagine15
RivistaJOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL & CLINICAL CANCER RESEARCH
Volume37
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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