Relaxin in Obstructive Sleep Apnea: Relationship with Blood Pressure and Inflammatory Mediators

Maria Rosaria Bonsignore, Maria Rosaria Bonsignore, Anna Lo Bue, Giuseppe Insalaco, Oreste Marrone, Loredana Riccobono, Giuseppe Insalaco, Oreste Marrone, Adriana Salvaggio, Anna Bonanno

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

5 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with nocturnal intermittent hypoxia, which may be responsible for increased circulating levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and inflammatory mediators, such as metalloproteinases (MMPs), and which contributes to the pathogenesis of systemic hypertension. Why some OSA patients remain normotensive is poorly understood. Relaxin-2, a pregnancy hormone, may sometimes circulate in men and could increase in hypoxic conditions. It exerts a vasodilatory activity and can modulate the release of molecules, such as MMPs and VEGF. Objectives: The objective of this study was to explore if circulating relaxin-2 in male OSA subjects may be related to OSA severity, to circulating levels of MMPs, of their inhibitors (tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases; TIMPs), and of VEGF, and if it may protect from hypertension. Patients and Methods: Fifty untreated male subjects with suspected OSA were recruited. After nocturnal polysomnography, a morning venous blood sample was withdrawn. Then, 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring was performed. Results: The respiratory disturbance index in the sample was 30.4 [interquartile range (IQR) 15.6-55.2]. Relaxin-2 was detectable in 20 subjects. These subjects did not differ in OSA severity or diurnal and nocturnal BP from subjects with undetectable relaxin-2, but they showed lower TIMP-1 (126.8 ± 29.1 vs. 156.9 ± 41.7 pg/ml, respectively; p = 0.007) and a marginally higher MMP-9/TIMP-1 molar ratio [0.58 (IQR 0.23-1.35) vs. 0.25 (IQR 0.15-0.56); p = 0.052]. Conclusions: Relaxin-2 in male subjects was not related to OSA severity, but it was associated with lower TIMP-1. As it was often undetectable, even when BP values were normal, it is unlikely that it plays a role as a major factor protecting from hypertension in OSA. © 2016 S. Karger AG, Basel
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)56-62
Numero di pagine7
RivistaRESPIRATION
Volume91
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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