Relationships between metabolic syndrome and left ventricular mass in hypertensive patients: does sex matter?

Foraci, Ac

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Abstract

Several studies documented an association between metabolic syndrome (MetS) and left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy. However, only in a few of these studies the impact of MetS on left ventricular mass (LVM) was separately analysed by gender, with conflicting results. The aim of our study was to verify, in a wide sample of essential hypertensive patients, the influence of gender, if any, on the relationship between MetS and LVM. We enrolled 475 non-diabetic subjects (mean age: 46 +/- 11 years), with mild-to-moderate essential hypertension, of whom 40% had MetS, defined on the basis of Adult Treatment Panel III (ATPIII) criteria. All the patients underwent a 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring and an echocardiogram. LVM indexed for height (2.7) (LVMH (2.7)) was significantly (P < 0.001) higher in women with MetS (n=83) than in those without it (n=97; 54+/-17 vs 42+/-11 g m(-2.7)). An equally significant difference in LVMH (2.7) was documented also in male gender between the two groups with (n=105) and without MetS (n=190; 51+/-14 vs 43+/-11 g m(-2.7); P < 0.001). The relationship between MetS and LVMH (2.7) remained statistically significant (P < 0.001) in both sexes, in multiple regression analyses, even after adjustment for potential confounding factors. Our results seem to suggest that the relationship between MetS and LVM is not significantly affected by gender, being LVM increased in both hypertensive women and men with MetS.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)788-795
Numero di pagine8
RivistaJournal of Human Hypertension
Volume22
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2008

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Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring
Left Ventricular Hypertrophy
Regression Analysis
Therapeutics
Essential Hypertension

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Internal Medicine

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title = "Relationships between metabolic syndrome and left ventricular mass in hypertensive patients: does sex matter?",
abstract = "Several studies documented an association between metabolic syndrome (MetS) and left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy. However, only in a few of these studies the impact of MetS on left ventricular mass (LVM) was separately analysed by gender, with conflicting results. The aim of our study was to verify, in a wide sample of essential hypertensive patients, the influence of gender, if any, on the relationship between MetS and LVM. We enrolled 475 non-diabetic subjects (mean age: 46 +/- 11 years), with mild-to-moderate essential hypertension, of whom 40{\%} had MetS, defined on the basis of Adult Treatment Panel III (ATPIII) criteria. All the patients underwent a 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring and an echocardiogram. LVM indexed for height (2.7) (LVMH (2.7)) was significantly (P < 0.001) higher in women with MetS (n=83) than in those without it (n=97; 54+/-17 vs 42+/-11 g m(-2.7)). An equally significant difference in LVMH (2.7) was documented also in male gender between the two groups with (n=105) and without MetS (n=190; 51+/-14 vs 43+/-11 g m(-2.7); P < 0.001). The relationship between MetS and LVMH (2.7) remained statistically significant (P < 0.001) in both sexes, in multiple regression analyses, even after adjustment for potential confounding factors. Our results seem to suggest that the relationship between MetS and LVM is not significantly affected by gender, being LVM increased in both hypertensive women and men with MetS.",
keywords = "Ipertrofia ventricolare sinistra, sindrome metabolica, ipertensione arteriosa",
author = "{Foraci, Ac} and Giovanni Cerasola and Marina Costanzo and Santina Cottone and Giuseppe Mule' and Emilio Nardi and Paola Cusimano and Alessandro Palermo and Calogero Geraci",
year = "2008",
language = "English",
volume = "22",
pages = "788--795",
journal = "Journal of Human Hypertension",
issn = "0950-9240",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Relationships between metabolic syndrome and left ventricular mass in hypertensive patients: does sex matter?

AU - Foraci, Ac

AU - Cerasola, Giovanni

AU - Costanzo, Marina

AU - Cottone, Santina

AU - Mule', Giuseppe

AU - Nardi, Emilio

AU - Cusimano, Paola

AU - Palermo, Alessandro

AU - Geraci, Calogero

PY - 2008

Y1 - 2008

N2 - Several studies documented an association between metabolic syndrome (MetS) and left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy. However, only in a few of these studies the impact of MetS on left ventricular mass (LVM) was separately analysed by gender, with conflicting results. The aim of our study was to verify, in a wide sample of essential hypertensive patients, the influence of gender, if any, on the relationship between MetS and LVM. We enrolled 475 non-diabetic subjects (mean age: 46 +/- 11 years), with mild-to-moderate essential hypertension, of whom 40% had MetS, defined on the basis of Adult Treatment Panel III (ATPIII) criteria. All the patients underwent a 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring and an echocardiogram. LVM indexed for height (2.7) (LVMH (2.7)) was significantly (P < 0.001) higher in women with MetS (n=83) than in those without it (n=97; 54+/-17 vs 42+/-11 g m(-2.7)). An equally significant difference in LVMH (2.7) was documented also in male gender between the two groups with (n=105) and without MetS (n=190; 51+/-14 vs 43+/-11 g m(-2.7); P < 0.001). The relationship between MetS and LVMH (2.7) remained statistically significant (P < 0.001) in both sexes, in multiple regression analyses, even after adjustment for potential confounding factors. Our results seem to suggest that the relationship between MetS and LVM is not significantly affected by gender, being LVM increased in both hypertensive women and men with MetS.

AB - Several studies documented an association between metabolic syndrome (MetS) and left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy. However, only in a few of these studies the impact of MetS on left ventricular mass (LVM) was separately analysed by gender, with conflicting results. The aim of our study was to verify, in a wide sample of essential hypertensive patients, the influence of gender, if any, on the relationship between MetS and LVM. We enrolled 475 non-diabetic subjects (mean age: 46 +/- 11 years), with mild-to-moderate essential hypertension, of whom 40% had MetS, defined on the basis of Adult Treatment Panel III (ATPIII) criteria. All the patients underwent a 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring and an echocardiogram. LVM indexed for height (2.7) (LVMH (2.7)) was significantly (P < 0.001) higher in women with MetS (n=83) than in those without it (n=97; 54+/-17 vs 42+/-11 g m(-2.7)). An equally significant difference in LVMH (2.7) was documented also in male gender between the two groups with (n=105) and without MetS (n=190; 51+/-14 vs 43+/-11 g m(-2.7); P < 0.001). The relationship between MetS and LVMH (2.7) remained statistically significant (P < 0.001) in both sexes, in multiple regression analyses, even after adjustment for potential confounding factors. Our results seem to suggest that the relationship between MetS and LVM is not significantly affected by gender, being LVM increased in both hypertensive women and men with MetS.

KW - Ipertrofia ventricolare sinistra, sindrome metabolica, ipertensione arteriosa

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/36114

M3 - Article

VL - 22

SP - 788

EP - 795

JO - Journal of Human Hypertension

JF - Journal of Human Hypertension

SN - 0950-9240

ER -