Relationship between socioeconomic factors and intelligence of preschoolers: A cohort study in the Serbian context

Ambra Gentile, Željko Krneta, Ivana Milovanović, Milica Popović-Stijačić

Risultato della ricerca: Article

Abstract

The aim of the current research is to analyse the relationship between the socioeconomic status (SES) of parents and intellectual abilities (IQ) of preschool children of Serbian territory, and in particular how SES factors relate to preschool children’s IQ measured with Raven’s Coloured Progressive Matrices (CPM), in the different age groups. The research included 430 parents and 430 preschool children. A confirmatory factor analysis of the SES questionnaire revealed five factors: educational and professional status of father and mother, residential and educational status of the family, sport status of parents and comfort of family housing. No gender differences in IQ levels were found in children. Multiple linear regression at four age groups showed that the educational status of the parents and residential and educational status of the family was positively correlated with the IQ at the older groups of preschool children. Two groups of children with the lowest and highest Raven’s CPM scores (1st and 4th quartiles) were used in the Logistic Regression, which determined the significant predictive value of SES factor in children with low Raven’s CPM scores. The results of the current research are in line with other studies on the topic, emphasizing the critical role of social environment for cognitive abilities of children.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Numero di pagine9
RivistaCURRENT PSYCHOLOGY
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychology(all)

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