Relationship between seed morphological traits and ash and mineral distribution along the kernel using debranning in durum wheats from different geographic sites

Alfonso Salvatore Frenda, Donatella B.M. Ficco, Romina Beleggia, Pasquale De Vita, Valentina Giovanniello, Ivano Pecorella

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

Abstract

Debranning was applied to durum wheat to the study the relationship between kernel shape and size, and ash and mineral distribution having implications for semolina yield. To this aim four durum wheat genotypes carried out over three environments were selected to determine the morphological and yield traits as well as the distribution along the kernel of the ash, macro- (Na, K, P, Ca, and Mg), and micro-elements (Mn, Fe, Cu, Zn, and Mo). A descendent ash gradient within the kernel reflects the decreases in the minerals that occurred during debranning. Perciasacchi with high seed weight (TKW) and greater thickness followed by Cappelli showed a more uniform distribution of ash content along the kernels. High r Pearson coefficient (p < 0.01) showed an inverse relationship between thickness and ash decay. Since thickness was strongly affected by the genotype, it could represent a useful trait for breeding programs to predict the milling quality.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1-13
Numero di pagine13
RivistaFoods
Volume9
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Food Science
  • Microbiology
  • Health(social science)
  • Health Professions (miscellaneous)
  • Plant Science

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