Reduced cerebellar inhibition in migraine with aura: a TMS study.

Aloisio, A.

Risultato della ricerca: Article

28 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Subtle clinical cerebellar alterations have been found in migraine. Moreover, abnormalities in visual and motor cortex excitability consistent with a lack of inhibitory efficiency have been described in migraine, and it is known that cerebellum exerts an inhibitory control on cerebral cortex. Here, we investigated if impairment of cerebellar activity on motor cortex, i.e. reduced inhibitory control, can be found in migraine. Ten migraineurs with aura and seven healthy controls underwent a transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) protocol to investigate the cerebellar inhibitory drive on motor cortex: a conditioning pulse on right cerebellar cortex was delivered 5, 7, 10, 15 ms before a test stimulus (TS) on contralateral motor cortex. The cerebellar conditioning stimulus inhibits the size of the motor-evoked potential (MEP) produced by the TS alone by approximately 30-50%. Amplitude of MEP to TS alone showed no significant difference between patients and controls. Cerebellar conditioning TMS showed a significant deficit of cerebellar inhibition in migraine patients as compared to controls at all interstimulus intervals (5-15 ms) tested. Cerebellar inhibition is reduced in migraineurs. This could account, at least in part, for the reduced inhibitory efficiency previously showed in cerebral cortex of these patients.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)260-266
Numero di pagine7
RivistaCerebellum
Volume8
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2009

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Migraine with Aura
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
Motor Cortex
Migraine Disorders
Motor Evoked Potentials
Cerebral Cortex
Cerebellar Cortex
Visual Cortex
Cerebellum
Epilepsy

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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Reduced cerebellar inhibition in migraine with aura: a TMS study. / Aloisio, A.

In: Cerebellum, Vol. 8, 2009, pag. 260-266.

Risultato della ricerca: Article

Aloisio, A. / Reduced cerebellar inhibition in migraine with aura: a TMS study. In: Cerebellum. 2009 ; Vol. 8. pagg. 260-266.
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abstract = "Subtle clinical cerebellar alterations have been found in migraine. Moreover, abnormalities in visual and motor cortex excitability consistent with a lack of inhibitory efficiency have been described in migraine, and it is known that cerebellum exerts an inhibitory control on cerebral cortex. Here, we investigated if impairment of cerebellar activity on motor cortex, i.e. reduced inhibitory control, can be found in migraine. Ten migraineurs with aura and seven healthy controls underwent a transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) protocol to investigate the cerebellar inhibitory drive on motor cortex: a conditioning pulse on right cerebellar cortex was delivered 5, 7, 10, 15 ms before a test stimulus (TS) on contralateral motor cortex. The cerebellar conditioning stimulus inhibits the size of the motor-evoked potential (MEP) produced by the TS alone by approximately 30-50{\%}. Amplitude of MEP to TS alone showed no significant difference between patients and controls. Cerebellar conditioning TMS showed a significant deficit of cerebellar inhibition in migraine patients as compared to controls at all interstimulus intervals (5-15 ms) tested. Cerebellar inhibition is reduced in migraineurs. This could account, at least in part, for the reduced inhibitory efficiency previously showed in cerebral cortex of these patients.",
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AU - Aloisio, A.

AU - Brighina, Filippo

AU - Fierro, Brigida

AU - Daniele, Ornella

AU - Palermo, Antonio

AU - Cosentino, Giuseppe

AU - Panetta, Maristella

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - Subtle clinical cerebellar alterations have been found in migraine. Moreover, abnormalities in visual and motor cortex excitability consistent with a lack of inhibitory efficiency have been described in migraine, and it is known that cerebellum exerts an inhibitory control on cerebral cortex. Here, we investigated if impairment of cerebellar activity on motor cortex, i.e. reduced inhibitory control, can be found in migraine. Ten migraineurs with aura and seven healthy controls underwent a transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) protocol to investigate the cerebellar inhibitory drive on motor cortex: a conditioning pulse on right cerebellar cortex was delivered 5, 7, 10, 15 ms before a test stimulus (TS) on contralateral motor cortex. The cerebellar conditioning stimulus inhibits the size of the motor-evoked potential (MEP) produced by the TS alone by approximately 30-50%. Amplitude of MEP to TS alone showed no significant difference between patients and controls. Cerebellar conditioning TMS showed a significant deficit of cerebellar inhibition in migraine patients as compared to controls at all interstimulus intervals (5-15 ms) tested. Cerebellar inhibition is reduced in migraineurs. This could account, at least in part, for the reduced inhibitory efficiency previously showed in cerebral cortex of these patients.

AB - Subtle clinical cerebellar alterations have been found in migraine. Moreover, abnormalities in visual and motor cortex excitability consistent with a lack of inhibitory efficiency have been described in migraine, and it is known that cerebellum exerts an inhibitory control on cerebral cortex. Here, we investigated if impairment of cerebellar activity on motor cortex, i.e. reduced inhibitory control, can be found in migraine. Ten migraineurs with aura and seven healthy controls underwent a transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) protocol to investigate the cerebellar inhibitory drive on motor cortex: a conditioning pulse on right cerebellar cortex was delivered 5, 7, 10, 15 ms before a test stimulus (TS) on contralateral motor cortex. The cerebellar conditioning stimulus inhibits the size of the motor-evoked potential (MEP) produced by the TS alone by approximately 30-50%. Amplitude of MEP to TS alone showed no significant difference between patients and controls. Cerebellar conditioning TMS showed a significant deficit of cerebellar inhibition in migraine patients as compared to controls at all interstimulus intervals (5-15 ms) tested. Cerebellar inhibition is reduced in migraineurs. This could account, at least in part, for the reduced inhibitory efficiency previously showed in cerebral cortex of these patients.

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EP - 266

JO - Cerebellum

JF - Cerebellum

SN - 1473-4222

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