Reduced airway responsiveness in non elite runners

Nicola Scichilone, Giuseppe Morici, Maria Rosaria Bonsignore, Maria Rosaria Bonsignore, Giuseppe Morici, Mirella Profita, Alkis Togias, Anna Bonanno

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Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2005 Dec;37(12):2019-25.Reduced airway responsiveness in nonelite runners.Scichilone N, Morici G, Marchese R, Bonanno A, Profita M, Togias A, Bonsignore MR.SourceInstitute of Medicine and Pneumology, Respiratory Unit; University of Palermo, Italy. n.scichilone@libero.itAbstractPURPOSE: The effects of endurance training on airway responsiveness in nonasthmatic subjects are poorly defined. We hypothesized that airway responsiveness may differ between none-lite endurance athletes and sedentary subjects, and studied healthy, nonelite runners and sedentary controls by single-dose methacholine challenges carried out in the absence of deep inspirations, in that deep inspirations are known to oppose airway narrowing in nonasthmatic subjects.METHODS: A total of 20 nonasthmatic none-lite runners (mean age+/- SD: 43.0+/- 8.5 yr; training volume: 68 km.wk; range: 40-100; racing experience: 11+/- 8 yr) and 20 sedentary controls (age: 44.0+/- 20.6 yr) were studied, all of them being normo-reactive to standard methacholine challenge up to 25 mg.mL concentration. All subjects were studied at rest; six runners were also studied about 1 h after completing the Palermo marathon (December 8, 2001). The primary outcome of the study was the inspiratory vital capacity (IVC) obtained after single-dose methacholine inhalation at the end of 20 min of deep inspiration prohibition.RESULTS: At rest, IVC decreased by 10.5+/-8.1% after challenge with methacholine at 75 mg.mL in athletes, and by 24.3+/-16.1% after a methacholine concentration of 52+/-5.7 mg.mL in sedentary controls (P=0.002). The decreased response to methacholine in runners did not correlate with static lung volumes, amount of weekly training, or running experience.CONCLUSION: Methacholine challenge under deep inspiration prohibition revealed that endurance training attenuates airway responsiveness in nonasthmatic, none-lite runners. Airway hyporesponsiveness was potentiated after the marathon, suggesting involvement of humoral (i.e., catecholamine levels), airway factors (i.e., nitric oxide), or both in modulating airway tone after exercise.PMID:16331124[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)2019-2025
Numero di pagine7
RivistaMedicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

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  • ???subjectarea.asjc.3600.3612???


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