Recurrent sacrococcygeal pilonidal disease: the efficacy of minimal subcutaneous excision of the sinus and unroofing of pseudocystic cavity

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Patients undergoing surgery for recurrent pilonidal disease are at high risk of developing re-recurrence. The present prospective analysis was performed to evaluate the outcome for recurrent pilonidal disease treatment with a technique that provides a minimal subcutaneous excision of fistula and of the skin above the cyst, with secondary healing of wounds. METHODS: 48 consecutive patients with previous surgical excision and recurrent pilonidal disease underwent surgery from January 2009 to December 2016, under local anaesthesia. The age of the patients (42 males and 6 females) at the time of our observation was 28.5 ± 10.2 years, the BMI of 26.3 ± 6.8. The average number of interventions prior to our was 2.02 ± 1.14. RESULTS: The mean operative time was 18.2 ± 5.5 minutes. All patients were discharged 2 to 4 hours after surgery, with an average healing time of 22.8 ± 15.3 days. We recorded, in the follow-up period, only 4 relapses (8.32%), all retreated with the same surgical procedure and brought to complete healing. The results of the cosmetic questionnaire, which assessed patient satisfaction and contentment, showed that 96% of patients were completely satisfied and all patients recommended surgery to others. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that in 7 years of follow-up, 85% of patients healed without recurrence. CONCLUSIONS: Our simple procedure appears to be safe and easily reproducible, allowing a high surgical success in the treatment of recurrent pilonidal disease. KEY EORDS: Excision, Healing, Recurrent sacrococcygeal pilonidal disease.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)437-441
Numero di pagine5
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery

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