Rationale and evidence on the use of tocilizumab in COVID-19: a systematic review

Cesare Gregoretti, Antonino Giarratano, Andrea Cortegiani, Maurizio Cecconi, Protti, Greco, Gregoretti, Sharon Einav, Granone, Mariachiara Ippolito

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

30 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Tocilizumab is an IL-6 receptor-blocking agent proposed for the treatment of severe COVID-19. The aim of this systematic review was to describe the rationale for the use of tocilizumab for the treatment of COVID-19 and to summarize the available evidence regarding its efficacy and safety. Methods: MEDLINE, PubMed, EMBASE, pre-print repositories (bioRxiv and medRxiv) and two trial Registries were searched for studies on the use of tocilizumab in COVID-19 or SARS-CoV-2 infection, viral pneumonia, and/or sepsis until 20th June 2020. Results: We identified 3 indirect pre-clinical studies and 28 clinical studies including 5776 patients with COVID-19 (13 with a comparison group, 15 single-arm). To date, no randomized trials have been published. We retrieved no studies at low risk of bias. Forty-five ongoing studies were retrieved from trial registries. Conclusions: There is insufficient evidence regarding the clinical efficacy and safety of tocilizumab in patients with COVID-19. Its use should be considered experimental, requiring ethical approval and clinical trial oversight.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Numero di pagine15
RivistaPulmonology
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

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