“Randomised trial comparing biweekly oxaliplatin plus oral capecitabine versus oxaliplatin plus i.v. bolus fluorouracil/leucovorin in metastatic colorectal cancer patients: results of the Southern Italy Cooperative Oncology study 0401”.

Sergio Palmeri, Pasquale Comella, Gianfranco Filippelli, Giovanni Condemi, Giuseppe Barberis, Michele Cannone, Luigi Maiorino, Bruno Massidda, Antonio Farris, Donato Natale

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

40 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE: Oxaliplatin combined with either fluorouracil/leucovorin (OXAFAFU) or capecitabine (OXXEL) has a demonstrated activity in metastatic colorectal cancer patients. We aimed at comparing these two regimens in terms of response rate (RR), safety, progression-free survival (PFS), and quality of life (QoL) of patients. METHODS: A total of 322 patients with metastatic colorectal cancer were randomized to receive biweekly: oxaliplatin 100 mg/m(2) i.v. on day 1, capecitabine 1,000 mg/m(2) orally twice daily from day 1 to day 11 (OXXEL); or oxaliplatin 85 mg/m(2) i.v. on day 1; 6S-leucovorin 250 mg/m(2) i.v. and fluorouracil 850 mg/m(2) i.v. on day 2 (OXAFAFU). RESULTS: Eleven complete and 42 partial responses were registered with OXXEL (RR = 34%); six complete and 48 partial responses were obtained with OXAFAFU (RR = 33%) (P = 0.999). Severe adverse events were less frequent (32 vs. 43%) with OXXEL, which also reduced the occurrence of severe neutropenia (10 vs. 27%) and febrile neutropenia (6 vs. 13%), but produced more gastric side effects (8 vs. 3%) and diarrhea (13 vs. 8%). QoL did not differ across the two arms. Median PFS was 6.6 months in the OXXEL, and 6.5 months in the OXAFAFU arm (HR = 1.12, P = 0.354). Median overall survival was 16.0 and 17.1 months (HR = 1.01, P = 0.883). CONCLUSIONS: OXXEL and OXAFAFU regimens were equally active in metastatic colorectal cancer. The choice should be based on patient preference and on pharmacoeconomic evaluations.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)217-226
Numero di pagine10
RivistaJournal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Volume135
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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