In quarrying activities, rock is extracted and transformed into aggregate of various sizes for civil engineering applications. In this process waste fine aggregates (dust waste) are generated. The disposal of this type of waste is a further cost in the extraction process, but also a possible cause of environmental pollution (e.g. leaching into water reserves, atmospheric pollution as a result of small particles causing respiratory diseases or deposited on plants disrupting photosynthesis, affecting aquatic habitats, etc.). A strategy for the effective recycling of quarry dust does not only reduce waste generation and disposal, but also addresses protection of the environment. The Italian quarrying industry covers a relevant portion of global mineral extraction resulting in a significant production of fine waste. In some cases quarries are located close to ecological sensitive and protected areas and to the coast with higher risks for biodiversity (an example is the limestone extraction industry in Trapani, Sicily). In this context, the paper reviews the strategies proposed in the use of limestone fine waste, especially for concrete, and discusses an experimental program intended to assess the mechanical properties of concrete made with the fine limestone waste produced in the area of Trapani, as a partial substitute of fine aggregate (sand).
|Numero di pagine||0|
|Rivista||IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2018|
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