Pull factors for university students’ mobility: a gravity model approach

Risultato della ricerca: Conference contribution

Abstract

Migration phenomena are characterised by flows that are typically multilateral. Often an outgoing flow corresponds to one or more incoming flows, whichcounterbalances it. When the balance is negative, socio-economic problems can arise. Italy has been afflicted for years by a particular type of unilateral migration:student mobility. Thousands of students leave the South to study in the Centre-North, driven by the better socio-economic conditions of those areas, and by moreprosperous job prospects. Since this flow is not followed by a return one, nor by other incoming flows, the historical, socio-economic gap between North and Southis widened. Taking advantage of the big dataset concerning the cohorts of students enrolling in Italian universities, made available by the Ministry of Education, weadopted the viewpoint of gravity models to investigate the social, economic and educational aspects of universities and destination areas that can make mobility attractive, studying them also over time.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Titolo della pubblicazione ospiteBook of short papers - SIS 2020
Pagine73-78
Numero di pagine6
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2020

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